Notes from Town Council,  Delaware, Ohio


The following are notes taken from old Council Records. They were seen through the eyes of a young policeman, and therefore are basically items that effected the Police Department, along with other things he found interesting. Now, 40  years later, he wishes that he had copied all records. Isn't age and hind sight a wonderful thing?





February 26     Act of Incorporation


The Mayor and Common Councilman shall appoint a Town Marshal.


The Mayor administered fines against violators. By his direction the Marshal collected such fines even if sale of goods and chattels necessary. If none was available, the offender could be imprisoned, but could not be detained for more than 24 hours at any one time.


The Town Marshal shall be collector of tax assessed by the corporation.


Election held third Monday of May annually, 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Nine persons elected ‑‑ Mayor, Treasurer, Recorder chosen from nine by themselves.


(see Act of Incorporation - 1816)





January 16                                                AN ACT


                              To Revive the Act to Incorporate the Town of Delaware


Sec. lst: Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio. That the act to incorporate the town of Delaware passed the twenty‑sixth day of February, Eighteen Hundred and Sixteen, be and the same is hereby revived, and if at any time hereafter the citizens of said town shall fail or neglect to elect the officers of said corporation on the day specified in the aforesaid act, they may proceed to hold an election on any other day thereafter, by giving the notice required by the l2th Section of said act.


Sec. 2nd: That the election to be held under this act, shall be on the first Monday of March next, notice whereof shall be given by advertisement in the DELAWARE PATRON two weeks previous to said election.


January l6th, 1824


                                                          Joseph Richardson

                                         Speaker of the House of Representatives



                                                              Allen Trimble

                                                       Speaker of the Senate



May 12            (Taken from Delaware Patron, May 20, 1824)

AN ORDINANCE: To provide for raising a Tax, and for other purposes

Be it enacted and ordained, by the Mayor and commonalty of the town of Delaware in the state of Ohio, That all inlots and outlots in the town of Delaware, with the improvements thereon, shall be, and hereby are taxed, for the use of the corporation, to one half of one percent on the value, All stud horses to one half of the rate at which they stand for the season - all other horses and mares of three years old, at thirty cents a head. All meat cattle of three years old, at ten cents a head. And the assessor shall make his assessment from the list and appraisement of property in the town of Delaware made for county purposes for the current year, which assessment shall be made out by the first Monday of June next, and delivered to the Recorder, who shall within one week thereafter make out a duplicate of the same, and deliver it to the town marshal, who shall collect the tax and pay over the same, according to the law incorporating the town of Delaware.

Sec. 2 Be it further ordained, etc., That the collector of said tax shall receive in discharge of the same, certificate of labor from the corporation supervisor, the corporation supervisor being at all times under the direction of the street committee.


                                                      M. D. Pettibone, Mayor

                                                    Amrine Walker, Recorder

May 12, 1824





June 18            Ordinance Respecting Riots:


No person(s) shall engage in any riot, fight or noisy game in this corporation. Shall upon conviction be fined not less than $1 or more than $10


Any intoxicated person engaged in any manner in disturbing the quiet and peace of the town of Delaware shall on conviction be fined not less than $1 nor more than $10 or confined in County Jail not more than 24 hours or both at discretion of Mayor.


Any person(s) who shall use obscene or insulting language in presence or hearing of any female(s) in corporation or by any conduct insult or abuse such female(s) shall be fined in any sum not less than $1 nor more than $20. It shall be the duty of the Marshal upon observation or complaint made of any violation of this ordinance to arrest person(s) and take him or them before the Mayor for trial.


Sept 11            (From Ohio State Gazette, Sept. 16, 1830)

An Ordinance to provide for refraining Hogs running at large in the Town of Delaware.

Be it enacted by the Mayor and Commonalty of the Town of Delaware, That it shall be the duty of Marshal of the Town to take up any hog or hogs, except those belonging out of town, that may be found running at large within the limits of the corporation; That he shall put the same into a close pen, or yard, to be by him provided for that purpose, and, take good care of them, so long as the same are in his keeping, for which he shall be allowed such a reasonable sum as the Mayor approves, to be paid as hereafter provided; and immediately give notice in writing, stuck up in two public places in said town, that said hog, or hogs, describing them as well as may be, are taken up, that the same will be publicly sold, at such time and place, unless the owner proves property, pays all expenses and takes them away.


Sec. 2 That if the owner proves his property to the satisfaction of the Marshal, any time previous to a sale, he may take them away, on paying to said Marshal 25 cents a head for taking up, where not more than one is taken up at a time, and 6 1/4 cents a head for all over that number, And on paying 12 1/2 cents for the two notices, and the expenses of keeping.


Sec. 3 Immediately after the expiration of three days, or as soon as possible after the said Marshal shall sell, agreeable to the notice given, at public auction, said hog, or hogs, retaining his said fees and expenses out of the avails and paying the overage, if any, to the owner, on demand; and if not called for within 10 days, to be paid over to the Treasurer of the Corporation. Pigs to be considered as hogs.


This ordinance shall be in force, from the 1st day of October next.

Attest: Noah Spalding, Mayor

L. H. Cowles, Recorder

September 11, 1830




July 13             (Notes of July 13 taken from 1880 Delaware Co. History)

Resolved, That it shall be the duty of the Recorder, in addition to the duties prescribed in the act of incorporation, to issue all orders upon the treasury, and keep a list of same, with dates; to make out the annual tax upon the assessment of the Assessor, and to deliver it to the Marshal for collection, by the 10th day of June of the same year, and keep a record of the reports of all committees of the corporation.


Resolved, That it shall be the duty of the Treasurer to make and publish a full exhibit of the receipts and expenditures of the corporation, on the 1st day of May annually, and file and keep all orders paid out of the treasury.


Resolved, That it shall be the duty of the Assessor to make his assessment of taxable property and to deliver it to the Recorder between the 1st and 15th day of May, according to the direction of the County Assessor, except to assess cattle and horses owned on the 1st day of May, and all other property, at its fair cash value.


Resolved, That it shall be duty of the Marshal, in addition to the duties prescribed in the act of incorporation and ordinances, to report to the Mayor immediately all violations of the laws and ordinances which may come under his own observation, or of which he may be informed, and to the Street Committee all repairs needed in streets. lanes, ditches, culverts, etc., necessary to be made.


Resolved, That is shall be duty of the Street Committee, upon observation or notice either from the Marshal or any citizen, to make any repairs in streets, lanes, ditches, culverts, etc., should they deem it necessary, Provided, they shall not incur a greater expense for any one item, than $3, and in all other cases they shall report such necessary repairs to the next meeting of the Common Council.


Resolved, That it shall be the duty of the Street Committee and all other committees of the corporation for letting jobs or making contracts, to report every item of their proceedings immediately to the Recorder, and shall report at what time the jobs were to be completed, whether so completed or not, and no order shall be issued upon the Treasury when contracts are not fulfilled in every respect, without special authority from the Common Council.

(Above Resolutions were copied from the 1880 Delaware County History)


July 19             Ordinance to Prevent Nuisances


No person may allow a dead carcass to remain in corporation or one half mile of corporation limits. May be buried not less than two feet deep. Penalty: Not less than 50 cents nor more than $5 (changed 2‑19‑1866 to three feet deep and $5 to $20, $10 daily for every day not removed fine).


Person(s) shall not allow their firewood to remain in the streets more than 24 hours under penalty of not less than 50 cents or more than $5.


Ordinance to Prevent Horse Racing


No person shall drive carriage, wagon or sled with one or more horses at a greater speed than a trot under penalty of not less than $1 or more than $5 (amended 3‑4‑1867 to 504 to $5).


No person shall leave horse(s) attached to carriage or such un­fastened under penalty of not less than 254 or more than $5.

No person shall ride, drive or lead any horse or team on any paved or graveled sidewalk in corporation except to cross at gateways under penalty not less than 25 cents or more than $5.


No person shall fire crackers or explode gunpowder in any manner in corporation except on muster days and days of public rejoicing under penalty not less than 50 cents or more than $5.





March 29         Council shall have power to compel removal or otherwise of all nuisance (and to define what they call nuisance) and may levy a tax annually upon all hogs and dogs kept and permitted to run at large within said corporation not exceeding 50 cents per head for swine, $1 per head for dogs.


To Amend an Act Entitled an "Act to Incorporate the Town of Delaware in the County of Delaware"

(See Act of Incorporation 1841)






January 21        Defining Nuisance


Any heaps of stone, bricks, earth, lime, sand, etc., (except in case where the same may be used in building, repairing or paving). Any wagon, carriage or any part of either, any part of vehicle of any kind. Manure, chips, firewood or anything else by whatever name or nature may be known, calculated to prevent and obstruct the free passage of any of the streets, pavement, sidewalks or gutters within corporation limits and which shall be permitted to remain for a longer time than 24 hours shall be defined and con­sidered a nuisance.





August 27         Resolution Authorizing a Voluntary Police


"Resolve that in consideration of frequent thefts and rowdy depredations committed upon the property of the citizens of the Town of Delaware that said citizens be empowered to act as a voluntary police in any manner they may arrange with one and another and that each one is hereby empowered to arrest any person feloniously taking or disturbing any property with the full power of the Marshal to bring said person before the Mayor or other proper person for con­viction and if said arrest be made in the night between the hours of 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. he may deposit him in the jail of the county in the care of the jailor until the hour of 8 o'clock a.m. to be taken before the Mayor or other proper offices."





December 27   Authorizing the Marshal to Employ an Assistant


Ordinanced by the Mayor and commonalty of the Town of Delaware that the Marshal be and is hereby authorized to employ a suitable person or persons to assist him in keeping the peace of the corporation of the Town of Delaware at any time and on all occasions as said Marshal shall deem necessary. The Marshal to present his account for same at next meeting of Council and such reasonable compensation to be paid out of any funds in the treasury for corporation purposes.




April 30            Any person breaking into the Fire Engine House and taking ladder, raising pole, hook rope, ac, lantern, pipe or any other fixture belonging to said department except for legitimate fire purpose shall be fined not less than $5 nor more than $10 plus costs of suit. It shall be the duty of the Marshal to see that all persons violating this ordinance be forthwith brought before the Mayor either on his own knowledge of the act or actions or by complaints made by individuals with necessary proof.





August 12         Further to Prevent Horse Racing


Listed horse, gelding, mare, filly, mule or ass prohibited to ride or drive lead or run in corporation at greater speed than trot. Fine: any sum not to exceed $5 nor less than $1 with costs.


August 12         Duties of the Officers of This Corporation


Section 3 ‑‑ That it shall be the duty of the Marshal on  view of any disorderly conduct contrary to any of the laws and ordinances made and provided to demand of the offender or offenders the lowest fine fixed by law for such offense, and if payment be refused forthwith to apprehend such person or persons and take them before the Mayor who shall immediately provide to hear the complaint and determine the same as in other cases. Also, it shall be the further duty of the Marshal to report to the Mayor immediately all violations of any of the laws or ordinances of which he may be informed, and to the street committee all repairs needed in streets, lanes, ditches, culverts, etc., necessary to be made.


Section 4 ‑‑ That the Marshal shall if necessary command any number of bystanders to aid him in arresting any person or persons resisting his authority and any bystanders commanded as aforesaid and refusing to give assistance shall be fined on conviction thereof in any sum not exceeding $5 nor less than 50 cents with cost of suit.


Section 7 ‑‑ ...and on complaints being shall be the duty of the Mayor to issue his warrant in the name of the Mayor and the common attorney of the Town of Delaware for the apprehension of the party complained against, directed to the Marshal and returnable forthwith before said Mayor.


Section 8 ‑‑ That for the collection of all judgements the ordinances of this corporation it shall be the duty of the Mayor to issue his warrant in the form of an execution against the goods and chattels and body of the defendant in the name of the Mayor and commonalty of the Town of Delaware.


Section 9 ‑‑ That if any offices in the preceding sections named shall neglect or refuse to perform any duty enjoined by the laws and ordinances of this corporation, such offices may for every such neglect or refusal be fined in any sum not exceeding $10.


Section 10 ‑‑ That it shall be the duty of the Marshal to attend general meeting of the common council.


August 12         Repealed Ordinance of 4‑21‑45 "Relations to Riots"


Ordained unlawful for any person(s) intempt the peace and quiet of any of the citizens of said town by hollowing, quarreling, beating upon drums, pans or kettles, ringing of bells or making any other unnecessary noise or impede the free passage of streets, alleys, or sidewalks or collecting in tumultuous groups, or to inter­fere with property of other person(s), such as removing property, or throwing stones, bricks, etc., against house, fence, stables or other buildings, or by placing obscene inscriptions thereon, or exhibiting anything calculate to alarm horses hitched or passing along. Offenders convicted before Mayor fined not exceeding $20 nor less than 50 cents with costs or 24 hours in County jail or both.


August 30         To Prevent Indecent Exposure

Any person(s) who shall publicly expose his or their bodies in a state of nudity or expose any part thereof in an indecent or obscene manner, either by bathing in the Olentangy River or else­where or otherwise, such person or persons shall on conviction before the Mayor be fined not exceeding $5 nor less than $1 with costs or imprisoned in the County Jail not more than 24 hours or both at the discretion of the Mayor.





At a meeting of the "Mayor and Commonalty of the Town of Delaware" held at the Mayor's office: on Thursday evening, January 3lst, 1851.


On Motion it was unanimously Resolved:


That the Recorder be and hereby is instructed to procure a suitable book, and in it to record all the laws, ordinances and standing resolutions now in force in this Corporation.





February 11     To Prevent the Sale of Intoxicating Liquors


Be it ordained by the Mayor and the commonalty of the town of Delaware, That the sale, barter, vending or giving away at anytime within the corporation limits of said town in any quantity of any spirituous or vinous liquors or ale, or any mixed liquors, part of which is spirituous or vinous liquors or ale shall be deemed in and is hereby defined and declared to be a nuisance.


And if any person or persons shall therefore at any time within the corporation limits of said town, personally, or by clerk, servant, or agent directly or indirectly sell, barter, vend or give away in any quantity, any spirituous or vinous liquors or ale, or any mixed liquors part of which is spirituous or vinous liquors or ale as aforesaid in violation of the provisions of this ordinance. Such person or persons shall on conviction thereof before the Mayor be fined for every such offense any sum not exceeding $50 nor less than $5 with the cost of prosecutions or be imprisoned in the County Jail for anytime not exceeding 24 hours; or both at the discretion of the Mayor.


And if any clerk, servant, agent or other person in the employ­ment or on the premises of another shall violate the provisions of this ordinance by the sale, barter, vending or giving away of spirituous or vinous liquors, or ale as aforementioned, he or she shall be held equally guilty with his or her principal and on con­viction thereof shall suffer the same penalties.


Provided that nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to prevent bona fide druggists from selling any such liquor or liquors for medicinal, mechanical or sacramental purposes.


Following passed by General Assembly effective 5‑15‑1852


July 1               Ordinance authorize imprisonment for fines by the "Incorporated Village of Delaware"


It shall be lawful and proper for the Mayor, Justice or Court render­ing such judgement at the same time to order the defendant to be committed to the jail of the County there to remain until the fine and costs of prosecution shall be paid or until he shall be other­wise legally discharged.


August 7           Ordinance For the Impounding of Animals Roaming At Large (Amended 7‑5‑1858 to allow for milk cows 5‑1 to 12‑1 each year)


The Marshal authorized and required to prepare, or cause to be prepared, suitable enclosures within said village and impound all horses, cattle, swine and sheep running at large. Unless claimed within 24 hours animals to be sold to satisfy the penalty and costs of processing (Marshal shall give one days notice in writing posted in three of the most public places). Any owner claiming animals must pay $1 for each animal impounded as penalty and 25 cents for fee for impounding and expenses incurred in keeping.


October           Vote to annex property east of the river ‑‑ yes ‑‑ 260 to 12





Marshal Joseph H. Crawford

Sheriff N. Jones


January 1          Joseph H. Crawford, Marshal- paid 6 months ending December 12, 1852,        $62.50.


Ordinance - that the Marshal be allowed an addition of $25 provided he continue to discharge his duties of Marshal till April 1, 1853. (Would have been $125 per year)



May 8              Ordinance to change name of Bomford Street in South Delaware to Rail Road Street.


Paid Mr. Owsten and Nelson $590 for building culvert across Delaware Run on Sandusky Street.


May 18            For the suppression of the sale of intoxicating liquors and places of habitual resort for tippling and intemperance.


Section I ‑‑ "such persons so offending shall on conviction thereof forfeit and pay for the first offense any sum not less than five nor more than twenty dollars with costs of prosecution and for the second or any subsequent offenses any sum not less than $20 or more than fifty dollars with costs of prosecution."


Section II ‑‑ "That if any person shall keep, or suffer to be kept on his or her premises, within the limits of this corporation, any place of habitual resort for tippling, or intemperance, every such person shall on conviction thereof, forfeit and pay for the first offense any sum of not less than twenty five nor more than fifty dollars with costs of prosecution, and for the second or any subsequent offense not less than fifty nor more than one hundred dollars with costs of prosecution."


Section V ‑‑ "That if any person within the limits of the corporation shall be found at any time in a state of intoxication, or shall while under the influence of intoxicating liquors be guilty of any disorderly conduct, or shall interfere any person in his or her business, or in any way molest any person such person so offending shall on conviction thereof forfeit and pay any sum not less than twenty nor more than fifty dollars with costs of prosecution."


July 1               Paid Marshal J. H. Crawford salary for Dec 18, 1852 to April 1, 1853 - $35

Paid Marshal salary for one quarter, salary April 1, 1853 to July 1, 1853 - $50.


Resolved - Salary of Marshal fixed at $200 per annum starting April 1, 1853.


July 25             Committee appointed to contract for trusselling of bridge on William Street across Olentangy River in order said bridge may be used ‑‑ providing expense does not exceed $30.



August 10         Committee of two appointed if suitable lot can be procured for a Market House.

August 16         County Commissioners will erect two bridges over Olentangy ‑‑ one on William and one on North Street. The corporation will pay one half the cost of Bridge on North Street provided one‑half of such cost will not exceed $1500.


October 9        Since above‑mentioned resolution was not acceded to by said commissioners, said resolution hereby rescinded and canceled.


Mr.'s J. and E.B. Gray made proposition to build iron suspension foot bridge across Olentangy on North side of Winter Street by 2‑1‑1854. Resolved council will purchase said bridge for a sum of $909. (Account ordered to be paid 3‑20‑1854.)


December 16   Ordinance to protect the Suspension Foot Bridge across the Olentangy River on Winter Street.


That it shall be unlawful for any person to cross the suspension foot bridge in the Corporation, across the Olentangy River where Winter Street crosses the same in any other manner than upon his ordinary walk. And if any person shall run over said bridge, or shall in any unnecessary manner vibrate, or sway the said bridge, or in any manner willfully or maliciously injure the said bridge, or shall drive, lead, or ride over the said bridge any horse, mule, ox, cow, hog or sheep shall be guilty of an offense, and upon conviction thereof before any Court having jurisdiction thereof every such person shall forfeit and pay any sum not less than $1 nor more than $10 for each and every offense, and shall also pay any amount of damage thereby done to the said bridge.





Marshal Israel Breyfogle, salary $200 per year


January 16        For the punishment of certain offenses therein named.


Be it ordained by the Council of the Incorporated Village of Delaware, That if any person within the Corporation limits of the Village aforesaid shall abuse or resist any Mayor, Marshal, Deputy Marshal, Clerk of Market, Engineer, or any Officer of this Corporation when in the due discharge of any of the duties of their respective offices shall be guilty of an offense and upon conviction thereof before the Mayor, or Justice of the Peace, shall forfeit any pay for each and every offense, any sum not less than one dollar nor more than twenty dollars and cost of prosecution.


For the suppression of the sale of immoral publications


Be it ordained by the Council of the Incorporated Village of Delaware, That it shall be unlawful for any person to sell, vend, or in any manner dispose of, circulate or distribute within the Corporation limits of the Village aforesaid any books, prints, pictures or publications of any kind whatsoever of a lewd or licentious character, or any box, pocket book, card or other article of whatever name or nature containing any such picture or print of such lewd or licentious character. And any person offense against the provisions of this section, shall on convic­tion thereof before the Mayor forfeit and pay for every such offense any sum not more than $20 nor less than $1 with cost of prosecution.


March 20         A committee to confer with Board of Education in regards to the purchase of the Central Brick School House and ground for a Market House.


April 7              Member of Council shall receive $1 for attending every regular session and 50 cents for each special session of Council.


April 14            Joseph H. Crawford appointed Marshal for $200 per year, to be paid quarterly. Also appointed Assistant Engineer for $150 per year


April 21            J. H. Crawford declined serving in such positions.

Resolved: Israel Breyfogle appointed Marshal and Assistant Engineer, and for the latter position receive $100 per annum.


April 22            Regulating the Trial by Jury in Penal Cases Before the Mayor


Section I ‑‑ Be it ordained by the Council of the Incorporated Village of Delaware, That on the trial of any penal cause pending before the Mayor for the violation of any ordinance of this Corpora­tion in which the accused person may be by the Constitution and laws of this State entitled to a trial by a jury such accused person may choose whether he will be tried by a jury of six, or twelve jurors. If such person shall choose to have a jury of six, the same shall be in all respects selected and summoned as a jury is selected and summoned by and before a Justice of the Peace in Civil cases, the prosecuting witness or other person prosecuting the case shall be allowed to strike out of the list of persons, for a jury instead of the Plaintiff and all the provisions of the law in relation to the trial by a jury before a Justice of the Peace shall be observed and enforced in relation to such trial before the Mayor, so far as this same is applicable.


Section II ‑‑ But in case such accused person shall elect to be tried by a jury of twelve, then the Mayor shall issue a writ of to the Marshal commanding him summons twelve good and lawful men of the Village having the qualification of jurors in the Court of Common Pleas to appear at the time and place of trial which shall be within forty‑eight hours of the time of the issuing of such writ. And upon the return of such writ, at such trial the same Proceedings rules and regulations shall be had and observed for the empaneling the jury as though the same was pending in the Court of Common Pleas, and all questions in the progress of such trial shall be decided and all rules and regulations observed on such trial, as though the same was pending in the Court of Common Pleas so far as the same are applicable.


Section III ‑‑ Juror for neglect or refusal to attend when properly summoned, or refusing to serve when in attendance shall be liable to the like penalty and be proceeded against in the same manner as witnesses who fail to attend or refuse to attend.


Section IV ‑‑ The jurors serving under this ordinance shall be allowed 50 cents in each case submitted to such jury to be paid by an order in the Treasury of the Corporation and in those cases where the accused shall be convicted, the fee paid the jury shall be taxed in the bill of costs against the defendant.


May 5              Ordinance to Provide Against Dangers Arising from Keeping Gun Powder within the Corporation


It shall be unlawful for any person to keep in any house, store or building within the Corporation limits at any one time a larger quantity than eight pounds and in good and safe metallic cans. If any person shall violate such ordinance, said person shall pay a fine not less than $3 nor more than $20 for each and every such offense. Every day such powder is kept in violation of this ordinance shall be a new offense.


It shall be the duty of the Marshal once every month to inquire as to all violations of this ordinance and ascertain how far the provisions hereof are observed by persons dealing in or using gun powder and report to the Mayor.


July 20             Resolved:

That the Marshal be and hereby is authorized to rent one of the machine shops of the S.M.V & P. R,R, Co. as a hospital during the prevalence of cholera and that he employ such number of men and women as may seem necessary to provide for the wants of the sick. And that he employ such assistant Marshals to aid him in carrying into effect the design of this resolution as may seem most expedient.


Dr.'s Miller and VanDeman hereby employed as Physicians until other­wise directed by Council.


August 24         A Market shall be held at the Market House on Sandusky Street and along west side of Sandusky from William Street south to the Delaware Run.


Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday regular market days. Hours between 5 and 9 a.m. from April, 1 to October, 1, between 6 and 10 a.m. from Oct. 1 to April 1.


October 17      Dr. VanDeman's bill medical services ‑‑ $8.50


November 16   Marshal Breyfogle ask for extra allowance for additional duties during the prevalence of cholera and other duties at the Market house


November 24   Israel Breyfogle - Services 4 days as Fire Warden $6

J D Breyfogle - part pay on Marshals salary $13. (Only entry on change in Marshal's)


December 1     Committee recommended extra allowance of $100 for one year. Adopted





Marshal J. A. Ackerman


January 24        Whereas it being made known to the Council that a case of small pox exists within the Village and unless precautionary measures are taken, there is danger of the disease spreading, Therefore,


Resolved That the Marshal be and hereby is directed to immediately enclose the street and house wherein the said disease exists, so as to prevent any communication with the inmates of said house, other than such as may be directed. And that the Mayor be directed to see that the necessary wants of said family are supplied.


Resolved That the Mayor be and is hereby directed to issue his proclamation, calling upon all the citizens of the Village to become vaccinated without further delay, in order to prevent the further spread of the disease.


March 10         Resolved: That for the cause of Dissipation and Negligence, the present Marshal J D Breyfogle be and he is hereby removed from his office as Marshal of the Incorporated Village of Delaware from and after this date.


Jonathan Ackerman appointed Marshal for the unexpired term of the present year.


April 6              George Mayer ‑‑ for 12 days attendance on small pox family ‑‑ $18


April 20            J. Ackerman appointed Marshal for ensuing year.


May 8              Ordinance For Relation to the Pound


Shall be unlawful for any person(s) to break into, or in any way injure, damage or disturb the pound established in conformity with the law and ordinance of said Village upon that subject. Any person so offending shall on conviction be fined not less than $5 nor more than $20 plus costs.


May 28            Establish and named "Ross Street" to be made from Liberty Street west to corporation line.


June 22            T.B. Williams for attendance on cholera patients ‑‑ $38.50


July 25             Ordinance to Prohibit Dogs from Running At Large in the Village of Delaware (in effect from 7‑1 to 10‑1 in each year hereafter) "


Shall not be lawful for any person being the owner or having charge of any dog or bitch to cause or permit the same to go at large in any street or alley within the Corporation limits without he or she shall have securely put on a good strong and substantial and safe wire basket muzzle. Persons offending this ordinance shall be fined any sum not exceeding $20 nor less than $5 (revised 5‑6‑67 $5 for each and every offense).


It shall be the duty of the Marshal and the privilege of any other person to kill any and every dog or bitch found going at large in any street or alley which may not be muzzled or securely muzzled.


November 2     James Wilson is elected Marshal.





February 16     A proposition was received from the Board of Education relative to purchase of present School House lot by the Corporation at $3000 and to purchase or receive in return, for school purpose, the square, known as Parade Grounds, in South Delaware for the sum of $3000. Mayor authorized to execute and deliver deed to Board of Education.


May 2              Market location changed to north side of first block of East William.


A. Wheeler elected Marshal, sum of $200 per annum.


July 9               Full use of public streets, alleys and etc., given to one Harvey Platt for the purpose of conveying gas to village and the inhabitants for a period of ten years. Gas furnished to said Village at a price not exceeding $3 per 1000 feet and inhabitants price not exceeding $4 per 1000 cubic feet. Lamp posts and other apparatus for public lamps being furnished at the expense of the Village.


August 7           Ordinance In Relation to Cleaning Streets

(Repealed 11‑30‑1868)


"Be it ordained by the Council of the Incorporated Village of Delaware, That it shall be the duty of the Marshal on the first Monday of the months of May, June, July, August, September, October and November in each year and such other times as may be necessary to clean in a proper manner the streets and gutters of all the principle streets in the town and to remove therefrom all filth, rubbish and other offensive or unwholesome matter to suitable places of deposits provided that this requirement shall not extend to those gutters which are not paved or otherwise permanently improved."


Repealed 11‑30‑68, stating owners or occupants shall on the first Monday in the above‑mentioned months shall clean in proper manner to center thereof and place in convenient heaps to be removed at the corporation's expense.




Marshal R. N. Jones


April 13            R. N. Jones elected Marshal.


October 2        The Marshal presented his monthly report to Council.


Cash Received

   From Market                     $6.15

   From R. Burr                       6.10

   From Stove sold                  2.75




Repairing suspension bridge                                $ .75

Service to three men for hauling stone and dirt 18.75



Council unanimously (6‑0) passed to pay Marshal $4.30 for expenditures.


December 4     Expenses

   Repairing sewer corner of Franklin and Winter  $ 1.25

   Putting down gutter in front of C.R. Thompson's

    lot ‑‑ Franklin Street                                           4.00

   Carrying coal up into Council room                        .25



Cash received (Received in Market)                             .75



Ordained to pay out

   To R.N. Jones as per monthly report                $ 4.75

   To R.N. Jones for Quarters Salary                             125.00


On motion a committee of three was appointed to take into considera­tion the propriety of making office of Marshal elective.




January 1          Committees report "Your committee are decidedly of the opinion that it would be more satisfactory to the citizens of this in­corporate Village to elect their Marshal as other municipal officers are elected."


Ordinance ‑‑ First Monday of April each and every year the Marshal shall be elected same time and place as other officials. Remunera­tion to be $365 per annum exclusive costs made in discharging his duties.


Receipts and Expenditures of the Incorporation from 3‑15‑1857 to 3‑15‑1858


R.N. Jones services as Marshal                        $450


February 12     Ordinance ‑‑ For the election of Marshal by the legal voters within the Corporation limits of Delaware.


Be it ordained by the Council that on the first Monday of April in each and every year there shall be an election of Marshal by the legal voters. The election shall be held in same time, place and manner as other elections for Municipal officer.


Said Marshal required to faithfully perform duties imposed on him according to law and he shall receive in consideration for services $365 annually exclusive of the costs made by him in the discharge of his duties.


April 2              Report of R. N. Jones, Marshal, to the Corporation embracing past two months ending same day.


Employing Police during Fair $ 5.00

Repairing Wire Bridge            3.00

(And other things)


May 7              Ordinance To Prohibit Certain Immoral Practices


That it shall be unlawful for any two persons to agree and willfully fight at fisticuffs, or otherwise within said Village, and any person who shall in any way violate the provisions of this section shall upon convictions be fined any sum not less than $1 nor more than $10 or imprisoned for any time not exceeding five days or both at discretion of Mayor.


That it shall be unlawful for anyone within said Village to challenge or attempt to provoke another to fight or to assault or threaten personal violence to or abuse another person with rude, indecent or improper or insulting language tending to provoke a quarrel or breach of the peace, or to strike or wound another. Person on con­viction be fined not less than $1 nor more than $20 or imprisoned not more than 15 days.


June 7              Pay for Marshal's Assistant - $1.00 per day.


July 5               Paid F.C. Welch $15 for building foot bridge ‑‑ Union Street


July 14             Authorized erection of a foot bridge on east side of Franklin Street across Delaware Run, providing it can be done at an expense of $15.


September 6     Ordinance to Support Immoral Practices


That if any person shall within the limits of said Village, keep a house of prostitution or permit or suffer prostitution in or about any house he or she may at the time occupy or exercise control over, or shall be guilty of prostitution themselves, or shall harbor or board any common prostitute or prostitutes or if any person owning or exercising control over any house or building, shall knowingly lease the same for the purpose of keeping therein a House of Ill Fame, or knowingly permit the same to be used or occupied for such purpose, every such person shall be deemed guilty of an offense and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in any sum not exceeding $50 nor less than $5 or imprisoned for any period not less than three or more than 20 days or both at the dis­cretion of the Mayor. And for every 24 hours such person or persons shall continue to be guilty of either of the above offenses after convictions, such person or persons shall be deemed guilty of an addi­tional offense and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in the sum of $20 and imprisoned for a period of 10 days.


That any person being a vagrant, mendicant, street beggar or Common Prostitute with said Village shall upon conviction thereof before the Mayor be fined in any sum not less than $1 nor more than $30 or be imprisoned for any time not exceeding 30 days or both at Mayor discretion.


And all such person(s) found strolling or loitering about said Village shall be arrested or removed therefrom. And any such person(s) so strolling or loitering about after dark shall be arrested and imprisoned until the next morning at 8 o'clock.





Marshal E.C. Vining


March 7           In Relation to the Election of Marshal


That the Ordinance heretofore passed on the l2th day of February 1858 entitled "An Ordinance for the Election of Marshal by the legal votes within the Corporate limits of Delaware" "be and the same is hereby repealed,"


This Ordinance to take effect from and after the first Monday of 1859.


April 4              Elam C Vining elected Marshal.


April 12            Resolved: That the Marshal be hereby directed to get a new good wood pump, and put into the well at the American House, on the corner of Sandusky and Winter Streets, for the use of the Village.


Marshal's salary fixed at $365 per annum.


July                  Elam C Vining Marshal, paid $31 for month.


August              Elam C Vining Marshal, paid $31 for month.





Marshal William H. Case


March 21         Resolved: The Salary of the Marshal for the future be fixed at $300 per annum.


April 12            Ordinance ‑‑ William Stephenson of Mansfield, Ohio granted use of streets, alleys and etc., for the purpose of laying and maintaining pipes for the conveyance of gas in the city. Shall be completed by 7‑1‑1860.


May 7              Ordinance passed protecting lamp posts. No one other than those whose duty it is by direction of Council, to let on or shut off the gas. Punishable by not more than $20 and costs.


Duty of Marshal, Deputy Marshal, night watch and special police to take special care of said public lamps.


August 6           To Provide for Keeping Certain Prisoners at Hard Labor


Ordained by Council "that all male persons over the age of 16 years , committed to prison by the Mayor"‑‑"shall during the time of their imprisonment be kept at hard labor" in the yard connected with the Village prison or upon the streets of said village".


Such prisoners "committed to prison for non‑payment of fines only shall be allowed the sum of 37 1/2 cents for their labor until the amount of the full fine and costs are truly satisfied."


That all prisoners at labor on the streets shall be under care and supervision of the Marshal or proper person appointed by him, who shall be that they are kept orderly and constantly employed and "to prevent the escape of any of such prisoners, there shall be attached to the leg of each prisoner while so at labor, a suitable ball and chain."


The Marshal shall make such provisions as he may deem proper for the boarding of prisoners "provided the cost there of does not exceed 25 cents per day for each prisoner" and any prisoner, refusing to labor without reasonable cause, "shall not receive any for except bread and water twice a day."


Repealed 5‑6‑1867 "At Discretion of Mayor to be inserted in their sentence, to be kept at hard labor"


Non‑payment prisoners "shall be allowed 75 cents per day for their labor" proper provision for prisoners "provided the cost does not exceed 50 cents per day "prisoners refusing to work "shall further not be allowed the 75 cents per diem as aforesaid."


August 20         Market in Market House on northwest corner of William and Franklin Streets.


Resolved ‑‑ The Mayor authorized to employ a man to put out the public gas lamps at 10 cents per each night said lamps are lighted ‑‑ and that said lamps be lighted at 8 o'clock and put out at 12 o'clock each night during the remainder of this month.


Ordinance To Establish and Regulate a Market in the Village


Section 2 ‑‑ Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday shall be the regular market days, and that on said days the regular market hours shall be between 5 o'clock a.m. and 9 o'clock a.m. from the first day of April to the first day of October and between 6 o'clock a.m. and 10 o'clock a.m. from the first day of October to the first day of April.


Section 3 ‑‑ That all fresh meat, poultry, eggs, fruit, vegetables and butter sold within the limits of said Corporation during said market hours, shall be sold at said market place. This section shall not prohibit at any time within the limits of the Corporation the sale of fresh meat the quarter, potatoes and apples in quantities of five bushels or upward and butter and eggs to grocers.


Section 5‑‑"be the duty of the Marshal to rent to the highest bidder at public auction"‑‑ "any stall or stand in the said market, for the term of one year" ‑‑ "to cause the market house and street and space assigned therefore, to be kept clean" ‑‑ "and to open and close the market and announce the same by the ringing of a bell, to weigh or measure at any time on complaint, any article offered for sale in said market suspected to be deficient in weight or measure from what it purports or is represented to weigh or measure by the person offering the same for sale, and if found deficient in weight or measure, shall become forfeited and the Marshal is authorized to sell the same at public out‑cry during said market hours and the proceeds thereof to be paid into the corporation treasury" ‑‑"any person who shall resist said Marshal in the discharge of his duties or shall refuse to comply with the proper orders and regulations of the Marshal in the discharge of his duty, upon conviction there of, shall forfeit and pay a fine not to exceed twenty dollars."


Section 12 ‑‑ "All intoxicated persons, vagrants and all rude noisy and disorderly persons shall be removed from the market place, nor shall the smoking of tobacco be allowed therein during the market hours".


September 3     Resolved ‑‑ That the time for lighting the public lamps shall be at 72 o'clock p.m. and of extinguishing shall be at 12 o'clock p.m. each night during the month.


Paid to: M.A. Root ‑‑ Jailer fees to date            $ 42.00

Thomas Evans ‑‑ 12 street lamps @ $2.75           33.00


October 1        Paid to: H.H. Chariton ‑‑ three shackles                 8.00

         H. Stratton ‑

putting out public lamps in Sept.                                    1.80


November 5     Paid to: Evans & Powell ‑

     ‑ Bill for caps for lamp post ‑

     ‑ 6 balls for chain gang and 5

     gas posts                                                      $ 74.32


Christian Woolheater ‑

   ‑ putting out public lamps                                     3.00


H. Stratton ‑‑ lighting                                              3.00


W.H. Case ‑‑ 8 days team work                                   19.50

  (one of many such entries)

W.H. Case ‑‑ Marshal salary for November         25.00


John S. Frost ‑‑ in full for building

              powder magazine                                   93.00





January 7          Paid to: Delaware Gas, Light & Coal Oil Co.

    ‑ gas bill for December -  $9.05


July 1               Council approved payment of $6 to Ely & Young for "Boarding Chain Gang."


September 2     Approval of $3 paid to G.W. Helt for police services in 1858.


September 9     Resolved: That the mayor be and he is hereby authorized to employ two policemen for night watch, and should circumstances require more, that he be authorized to employ as many as may be necessary and that he report at each meeting of the council the number so employed.


October 7        On motion, the Marshal was ordered to put down a stone cropping on Mill Street at the intersection with Washington Street, on north side. Also plank cropping on Union Street at intersection with North Street on north side and east side.


November 4     On motion, the Marshal was ordered to purchase and put up in the council room a coal stove and also to purchase a piece of zinc suitable to put under said stove. (Paid 01‑05‑1862 $13.90)


On motion, Marshal was ordered to make a plank walk on east side of Sandusky Street, across R.R. Plank to be laid across walk and walk to be five feet wide. Ordered to put down cropping at intersection of Sandusky and Spring Streets commencing on north side of Spring Street and cropping Sandusky Street to college gate. Ordered to put down stone cropping at intersection of Sandusky and North Streets, said cropping to be made on south side of North Street and across Sandusky Street.





Marshal William H. Case


February 3       Owners of lots and land abutting on the west side of Liberty Street required to lay a sidewalk of plank or good hard burnt brick, and to be completed by the first day of April next. And in default thereof the Marshal is hereby directed to lay said sidewalks. (From this point on ‑‑ ordinance all read the same. Marshal ordered only if property owner failed to do so.)


March 31         Marshal instructed to rent pound for the use of the Corp. at an annual rent of $10.


May 13            Sum of $500 bond to council for William H. Case, Marshal

Sum of $3000 bond to council for William H. Case, Supervisor


June 2              A petition was presented to council asking for the passage of an ordinance requiring all signs, extending across the pavement in the town of Delaware, to be removed. A committee appointed to report at next meeting.


July 7               Ordinance passed. All persons having any sign or signs running across the pavement of any street within said Incorporated Village be required to remove said sign or signs on or before lst of August next. Violators shall be liable to pay fine, not less than $1 dollar nor more than $5 dollars for lst offense. Each succeeding offense ‑‑ not less than $5 or more than $10. It shall be duty of Marshal of said village to file his official complaint with Mayor for any violations. All signs over three feet in length extending over the pavement shall be deemed cross signs.


October 6        Marshal instructed to furnish six spittoons for council room. 12‑1‑1862 ‑‑ paid for spittoons ‑‑ $2.50


Ordinance adopted ‑‑ unlawful to permit geese to run at large within Incorporated Village limits. Fine ‑‑ not to exceed $5 for first offense.





February 10     Small pox scare ‑‑ Village divided into four sections ‑‑ one doctor assigned each section ‑‑ were paid 25 cents for each person vaccinated and vaccine took effect.


March 30         Pavement on Liberty Street between William and North Streets to be laid with good hard burnt brick, embedded in sand, laid herringbone style ‑‑ not less than eight feet wide.


May 4              The council proceeded to elect by ballot a corporation Treasurer and Marshal to serve for ensuing year:

                                                        Case‑5        Vining‑2


June 1              Ordered that the Marshal proceed to rent the stalls in the Market House in the same manner as heretofore to the highest responsible bidders and to move others.


November 2     Pay for Marshal's assistant - $1.25 per day.


December 8     Any person damaging, destroying, removing, etc., a gas lamp shall be fined not more than $20, liable for any and all damage that may be access to the village by such offense, or imprisoned in village prison not exceeding 40 days or less than five days or both at discretion of the Mayor.




Marshal E. C. Vining

March 15         Annual salary for Marshal Case, $250, from March 15, 1863 to March 15, 1864.


May 21            Small pox in Mr. S. Styles home north side of William Street east of Sandusky Street. Marshal to order family not to leave home, see that physician attended family and see other necessaries supplied.


Marshal's salary raised from $250 to $300 per annum, payable monthly.


June 23            Committee assigned to investigate nuisance complaint found the practice of those coming into town with teams and wagons and hitching and feeding their teams in front of their (complainant's) residences and in that vicinity regard such practice as being offensive and often dangerous to persons passing on the pavement and if not unhealthy, it is very unpleasant and ought to be abated.


September 12   Instructed Marshal to notify Mr. Nulls to proceed at once to cleanse and clean up in and about said premises and that the Marshal make a monthly examination of the same and see that the premises are kept in good and wholesome order. (N. Null's Tannery in South Delaware)


October 3        Prior ordinance (Oct.6, 1862) on geese running at large repealed and new ordinance passed.


"Unlawful for any person or persons being the owner or owners" ‑‑ keepers of "any geese to permit the same to run at large within limits of said Village". "Duty of Marshal to take up and keep for two days"..."and owners thereof fail to appear in said time and take away said property and pay the expense of keeping and taking up of same, the Marshal is hereby authorized to sell the same at public auction to the highest bidder after having posted up in three public places in said village, a notice of the time and place of said sale for two days prior thereto."


"That the Marshal be allowed for taking up said geese six cents per head and the expense of keeping the same, to be collected of the owner or owners of the sold, to be deducted from the proceeds of such sale."


$25 per year to be added to the Marshal's salary, counting from April 1, 1864.


October 7        To prevent the playing of ball in the public streets, alleys and in the market space.


It shall be unlawful for any person(s) to play at any game of ball whatsoever on any of the public streets or alleys or in the market space of the Incorporated Village and any person who shall violate the provisions of this ordinance shall upon convictions be fined any sum not exceeding $10 or be imprisoned for any time not ex­ceeding 48 hours or both at the discretion of the Mayor.





Marshal William H. Case


May 1              Window glass in two homes broken on evening of celebration of the fall of Richmond and surrender of Lee's army.


August 7           Marshal's assistant to be paid $1.50 per day.


October 2        Ordered that the Marshal remove the hog pen of George Ott on the lot of H. Allen forthwith.


November 6     Western Union Telegraph Company was granted the privilege and license of erecting its telegraph poles.


To prevent the throwing of fire balls


Unlawful for any person(s) to cast or throw any fire ball or other thing saturated with spirits of turpentine or any other combustible matter with Corporation limits. Violators shall be fined not exceeding $10 or be imprisoned not exceeding 24 hours or both.


On motion the Marshal was ordered to employ two or more competent assistants to aid him in keeping order and enforcing ordinances of the village.





Marshal J. Wells


February 5       Emery Eastman paid for month service as police - $32.50.

Marshal's salary $27.00.


March 26         Marshal ordered to remove the old privy on the Market House lot and fill up the vault forthwith (in reference to new sanitary committee).


May 7              Marshal instructed to clean one side of Olentangy Bridge once a month for the comfort of footmen.


July 16             On motion, the Marshal was directed to mow the park.





Marshal Joseph Wells


April 15            Motion unanimously adopted:


That the Mayor is hereby authorized and directed to employ three policemen besides the Marshal, two of whom shall be on duty at night, and one on duty during the day with the Marshal, and that the appointment of said policemen by the Mayor, shall be with the consent and approval of the council.


May 6              Motion unanimously adopted:


That the police be directed and required to light and put out the public lamps and the lamps between Sandusky Street and the Depot shall not be put out until 20 minutes after the latest train comes in.


July 1               The Mayor (VanDeman) made complaint against David Inscho. That he was seen by another police in one saloon drinking on Sunday evening (6‑23) and later at 11 p.m. going into another saloon. That he was inefficient and had failed in particular instance of disorderly conduct in his presence, to make any arrests. Was to be notified to appear at next meeting for explanation. (However,no further mention made in later meeting minutes, and he did continue to receive police pay monthly.)


October 15      Bumford Street to Lincoln Avenue, South Street to London Road


Market Place located where Willis School stands.


November 7     Ordinance passed changing the name of Bomford Street to Lincoln Avenue.


December 2     Moved to construct bridge on John Street.





Marshal James M. Cochran


February 3       Motion made and approved for construction of "full open wooden bridge with a foot path on one or both sides" across the Olentangy on Winter Street.


April 13            Motion introduced and unanimously adopted:


That the present police force be discontinued and discharged and that the Marshal be and he is hereby authorized to employ an assistant for one week.


April 20            To Provide For the Election of Marshal:


Section I ‑‑ That it shall be the duty of the council of said Village, annually at a regular or special meeting of the council in April of each year, to elect by ballot one Marshal who shall hold his office for one year and until his successor is duly elected and qualified, unless sooner removed by the Council and who shall give bond as is prescribed by the ordinances of said village.


Section II ‑‑ That the Marshal so elected, shall faithfully perform all the duties imposed upon, or such as shall be imposed on him by law and the ordinances of said village, and he shall devote his entire time to the duties of said office, and he shall receive in consideration for his services thus performed, the sum of two dollars for a day and night exclusive of his legal fees.


Section III ‑‑ That the council may from time to time appoint one or more deputy marshals who shall hold their office during the pleasure of the council and who shall be entitled to such remuneration for their services as the council may determine, and who shall previous to entering upon the duties of said office, take an oath faithfully and impartially to discharge the duties thereof.


Section IV ‑‑ That it shall be lawful for said Marshal or Deputy Marshals to arrest on view and without warrant or complaint any person found violating any of the ordinances of said village made to preserve the peace, quiet and good order for the safety, health, comfort or for the protection of the property of the citizens of said Village and forthwith to take such person so arrested before the Mayor for trial.


Motion passed Marshal be paid $2.00 for a day and night, exclusive of his legal fees.


J.M. Cochran duly elected Marshal by majority of votes casted.


Resolved Council appoint one deputy marshal and that he be paid $1.50 per day and night exclusive of legal fees.


Hosea Alexander duly appointed Deputy Marshal, having majority of votes, for ensuing year.


May 4              Public workers petitioned Council for raise:


"We the undersigned want our pay raised to $1.75 per day ‑‑ we cannot support our families at $1.50 per day ‑‑ every man in town has $1.75‑‑ by so doing you will oblige your petitioners."


Motion was granted ‑‑ Marshal instructed to allow $1.75 for labor done for corporation.


August 5           Motion adopted:


Services of H. Alexander as Deputy Marshal be dispensed with and that Recorder notify him of the actions of Council.


On motion, Mayor and Recorder confer with Thos. Burroughs to employ him as Deputy Marshal for wages not exceeding $1.75 per day.


November 9     Marshal directed to procure plain comfortable benches, suitable chairs for officers for Engine House #3.


November 30   Duty of cleaning street removed from Marshal and placed on owners or occupants (9‑21‑1869 ‑‑ duty returned to Marshal!)


Application was made to the Council to take steps to remove the toll gate south of the cemetery.


December 7     The committee appointed to secure a room for Police H.Q. reported they had rented a room over J.L. Latimer's music store for four months for $14 ‑‑ approved.





Marshal Joseph Wells


Several entries made in 1869 ‑‑"Quarters Rent Police Room ‑‑ $12.50"


April 20            Marshal's pay $27 per month for not less than one half his time.


Repeal ordinance passed 4‑20‑1868:


"and he shall receive in consideration for his services thus performed, at the rate of $27 per month for not less than 2 his time, exclusive of his legal fees."


Ordinance repealing ordinance passed 4‑20‑1868 regarding election of Marshal. Section II only section changed:


Section II ‑‑ That the Marshal so elected, shall faithfully perform all the duties imposed upon him or such as shall be im­posed on him by law and the ordinances of said village, and he shall receive in consideration for his services thus performed, at the rate of twenty seven dollars per month for not less than one half his time, exclusive of his legal fees.


October 4        Ordinance ‑‑ In Relation to Cleaning Streets, Etc.


It shall be the duty of the Marshal on the first Monday of the months of May, June, July, August, September, October and November to clean in proper manner the streets and gutters of all principle streets.





Marshal Charles V. Owston


May 5              Ordinance passed 4‑20‑1870 repealing the ordinance provided for the election of Marshal repealed.


May 5              Repealed ordinance passed 4‑20‑1869 in its entirety.


To provide for the appointment of Police and night watchmen:


"To be ordained by the council of the Incorporated Village of Delaware. That the Mayor shall appoint, subject to the approval of a majority of the Council elect, one or more Police of night ­watchmen, as they may deem necessary for the good government of the Corporation who shall hold their office for one year unless sooner discharged.


That the said officers so appointed, shall receive for their ser­vices one dollar and 75 cents per day. That they shall take an oath to faithfully perform, and impartially discharge the duties thereof.


That it shall be lawful for said Police or night watchmen, to arrest on view, and without warrant or complaint, any person violating any of the Ordinances of said Village, or for the safety and protection of the property of the citizens of said Corporation, and forthwith take such person so arrested before the Mayor for trial."


July 18             Ordinance prohibiting person from quarrying stone from the Delaware Run unless a permit is granted by a vote of two‑thirds of members of Council. Further, no outhouse or pig pen could be built on banks. Illegal to throw brush, rubbish, garbage or refuse matter of any kind into said Run.




December 20   Note in Council minutes - Marshal and Police pay paid " Total to be drawn from Police and Fire Fund".





Marshal Charles V. Owston


Marshal    $2.00   per day x 31 = $62.00

Police (2) $1.75   per day x 31 =  54.25

Police (2)   .87 2 per day x 31 =  27.12


January 6          Police pay was coming from"Fire and Police Fund",also was cost of lighting street lamps. (Example ‑‑ 12.404 cubic ft @ $3.00 per 1,000 ‑‑ $37.21) Also wages paid to citizens for filling cisterns used by fire department. (But in 1874 charges shown under "Corporation Fund".)


Shown Marshal Owston received $62 month salary and 50 cents "for carrying coal to Mayor's office."


April 8              Mayor's report to council


From 5‑1‑1872 ‑‑ 178 cases before me ‑‑ 165 of which were con­victed while under influence ‑‑ 150 of 165 would probably not have been committed but for the influence.


May 5              Results of election showed citizens of Delaware voted to go from "Village" to grade of a "city of the second class".


September 8     Motion that the Marshal forthwith put up said station or calaboose in Engine House in East Delaware.


October 13      To put up boards with street names (done by C.R. Camp) who also numbered houses and shall publish Directory of the City.


November 3     Marshal Owston instructed to repair a citizens fence which was destroyed by the fire that burnt the barn at the Flax Mill.





Marshal John A. Anderson


January 5          Resolved: gas lights from the Depot to Sandusky Street be per­mitted to burn until after the arrival of the 3 a.m. train.


February 9       Number of boards needed for naming streets ‑‑ 279.


Sandusky                             38

Catherine                                2

High                                       6

William                                 48

Elizabeth                                 4

Ross                                       4

Franklin                                20

Louis                                      2

South                                     7

Washington                          18

Campbell                                6

Union                                     8

Liberty                                 26

Euclid                                     4

Henry                                     8

Blymer                                   2

Grant                                      2

Estell                                      4

Little                                       4

Depot                                   14

Henry                                     4

Wilder                                    4

Grace                                     4

Lewis                                     2

Frank                                     2

Richardson                             2

Channing                                2

Wade                                     2

Berkshire                              16

Half                                        8

James                                     6


Total 31 Streets


May 13            Sandusky Street between North Street and Delaware Run be sprinkled with water in accordance with ordinance. Shall be done by corpora­tion team and teamster. Water shall be procured at the Woolen Mills. Occupants of buildings to pay $24 per week ‑‑ collected by the Marshal.


June 1              Marshal Anderson's report: 6 tin stars for extra police = $2.95


September 8     Present pound a nuisance and recommended its removal and recon­structed in gravel pit.


November 2     Marshal instructed to prepare engine house at corner of North

and Franklin Streets to put tramps in over night (SW corner).


November 4     Decided that three police is enough at present, two on the west side of river, one on east side and that the railroad pay for their own.


November 10   Commissioners of Delaware sent letter of objection to council reference using engine house as "place for keeping and lodging vagrants and others taken up, or arrested under authority of said city" (county property ‑‑ permission granted for building 6‑1856) and as a result ordered engine house and fixtures removed by 5‑1‑1875.


Marshal instructed to make contract for lot ($525) on Depot Street and instructed to build one story building of plank 14 ft. x 20 ft. for station house and a place to lodge vagrants and others.


November 11   Special Meeting


To take action of making a station house at #1 Engine House. Resolved to notify County Commissioners to repair the lockup in Central Engine House #1 in accordance with contract between Council and County Commissioners. Further, Fire committee remove hay over engine room and that room to be used immediately for purpose of lockup. That Marshal provide some way of feeding tramps and city prisoners.





Marshal John A. Anderson


February 2       R.N. Jones appeared before Council and reported the County Commissioners were ready to replace the lockup in Engine House #1 as it was before the same was used for Court Room.


May 3              Ordinance


Establish stands for Hackney Coaches and other vehicles, and to fix rates of transportation of persons and property.


Section I ‑‑ Unlawful for any person to run or use for hire any public Hackney coach, cab, omnibus or Dray without written license.


Section II ‑‑ Each vehicle transporting passenger ‑‑ $2 Transporting freight ‑‑ $1


Section III ‑‑ It shall be unlawful for any person to charge or receive a high price than 25 cents in the daytime or 50 cents  after nine o'clock for transporting passenger and ordinary luggage.


Section IV ‑‑ Stands were set between William and Winter on Sandusky and near depot. Spaces numbered and assigned. Unlawful for any person to interfere with their usage.





Marshal Charles V. Owston


January 3          Paid $74.33 for feeding of vagrants ‑‑ from Police and Fire Fund.


Council room ‑‑ NW corner of William and Sandusky, second floor over City Drug Store for $50 per year.


February 7       Mrs. Reid, Paddock and Thomson appointed to committee to disperse "poor fund". $100 budget (monthly)


George Aigin, Engineer, Fire House #2 (Central Fire House), reported for month ending 1‑31‑1876, vagrants ‑‑ 129, city prisoners ‑‑ 9, and the cost of feeding ‑‑ $116.66.


March 6           Four separate double cells built in east end of Engine House upstairs for use as city prison. Cost $154.23, excluding beds, bedding and stove.


March              155 vagrants, 1 city prisoner = $76, 176 vagrants = $70.50 for month ending 2‑28‑1876


April 10            Resolve to discontinue feeding and lodging tramps.

August 23         Police and Fire Department funds separated by council.


October 16      Joseph Haas permitted to pay fines owed the city, with sidewalk brick.





Marshal Charles V. Owston


Coal oil street lamps were introduced and lit nightly same as gas lights (mounted on cedar post, dressed and well painted). Some coal oil obtained from V.J. Hill ‑‑ remained coal oil and gas from Delaware Gas and Coal Oil Co.


February 5       George H. Aigin notified Council he could not board prisoners any longer for less than 20 cents per meal. It was agreed he would be allowed 20 cents after this date.


March 5           Marshal C.V. Owston paid $3.75 for "cleaning Mayor's office” and $1.75 for "burying animals" from Sanitary Fund. Also received extra payment for serving notices on resolutions or ordinances passed by Council, repair, replace or install streets, sidewalks, etc. (paid from Corporation Fund).


April 4              Ordinance amending pay for Policeman and Night Watchmen

1st Reading: Shall receive for their services, $1.25 per day.


April 9              2nd Reading - Passed Ordinance 4 to 2.

3rd Reading omitted - 4 to 2 vote.


June 11            Marshal directed to commence lighting street lamps on first dark night in July. (In past minutes marshal was ordered to employ suitable person to light lamps. At no time were lamps lit every night ‑‑ due to this entry ‑‑ possibly lights not lit on moon lit nights.


November 19   The Council proceeded to open the bids for the improvement of Annette Street and 0. Browning's bid being the lowest, he was awarded the contract at the following rates; for cut 64 cents per yard, for fill, 64 per yard, for graveling, 35 cents per yard, and guttering 10 cents per foot running measure, and the Mayor instructed to execute a contract with said Browning for above work.





Marshal Charles V. Owston


February 5       North Street grading  $10.77


May 1              Committee on claims reported adversely in paying Marshal for serving notices stating that was the Marshal`s duties.


May 20            Resolved: two additional policemen be added to regular force, making five regular policemen.


June 3              Ordinance


Regulating hours of business for ale, beer and porter houses and shops.


Permitted to open at six o'clock in the forenoon. Closing ‑‑ April through October ‑‑ at 9 o'clock in the afternoon, November through March ‑‑ at 8 o'clock in the afternoon. No hours on the Sabbath.


August 5           Extra fill on Elizabeth Street   $30.00

Shade trees ordered trimmed so not to interfere with gas or lamp lights or persons carrying umbrellas, if not trimmed in 10 days, Marshal ordered to do so.


August 6           Ordinance ‑‑ Tires on Vehicles of Burden


Any vehicle use for hauling substance of more than one ton in weight must have a tire of three inches wide. Over two tons must have tires four inches wide.


December 30   A committee appointed to contact County Commissioners and try to get them to donate the jail to the city, or if not donated, try to purchase.





Marshal Charles V. Owston


January 6          The County Commissioners allowed city to purchase stone cells, flagging and grating for $10 and same must be removed by 5‑1‑1879.

0. Browning, West William Street, 10 days  $25.00

0. Browning, West William Street, 32 days    8.75


February 3       Committee appointed to report the probable cost of building suitable engine house, council room, mayor's office and city prison.


Pennsylvania Avenue dedicated to city by Christopher Potter.


March 3           Committee reported such a building "can be erected and completed for a sum not exceeding $6000.


Further, that due to condition of the old building now being used ‑‑ which probably couldn't be used more than two more years ‑‑ rec­ommended immediate action. Present building was Old Engine House and was built in 1824 as a Methodist Church, afterwards used as a school house, Market House, court room and present use.


And consideration should be given to fact that Company K of the l4th Regiment, 0.N.G. has been organized and "city is required to furnish them an armory and drill room". Under present situation city will have to rent armory in addition to council room.


April 7              Election held on that date, a majority of 449 votes, cast ballots in favor of erecting a Public Hall. As a result of election, committee appointed to take immediate action and council to issue Bonds in an amount not exceeding $35,000 for such purpose.


May 5              Five Police Lanterns and three Tumblers   $8.65


May 8              Committee reported they could obtain the "Shoub Property" on SE of William and Sandusky Streets, 103 1/8 ft. on William x 145 1/4 ft. on Sandusky, for $10,000 for full and complete title. This included 40 ft. lot on Sandusky owned by Heller Bros. (for $1800) (remainder by Shoub Heirs $8,000). Two other sites possible ‑‑ NE corner of William and Sandusky and another on Sandusky. Vote 8 to 0 for SE corner ‑‑ passed.


July 3               After meeting with and reviewing architect plans (five all total) moved and unanimously carried to go with Mr. Switzer's plans.


September 8     Cornerstone of new City Hall be inscribed on one side with names of Building Committee, Architect, Mayor and 1879. Other side, names of present council.


November 3     0. Browning, 24 days, Team Work   $60.00


December 1     Superintendent of building of City Hall instructed to stop all work on said building.





Marshal William J. Davis


May 3              Resolved there be an additional policeman appointed. 7‑12‑1880 rescinded.


Deed to city from Christopher Potter and wife for all of Liberty Street north of Pennsylvania Avenue accepted.


June 7              Delaware Gas Light and Coal Oil Co. proposed to light, extinguish and keep gas lights in repair, thus removing the responsibility from the marshal. Accepted.


June 8              Contracts for City Hall awarded:


Stone work ‑‑ Wittenmeir Bros. Columbus    $ 5975.00

Brick work ‑‑ Goodman & Hayes, Delaware   7616.00

Plastering work ‑‑ Geo. White, Delaware         1899.75

Carpenter work ‑‑ J.A. Wells, Delaware        14385.00

Painting and Glazing, G.B. Alexander, Delaware 1722.00

Slate, Galvanized Iron ‑‑ Kaiser Bros.. Columbus 5890.00



June 14            0. Browning, 1 Day, Team Work - $ 2.50


F.F. Schwitzer appointed superintendent of Public Hall building at $1.00 per day.


July 5               Minutes of meeting show Delaware Gas Light and Coal Oil Co. submitted their bill for 6‑7‑1880. However, the lighting and tending of coal oil lamps still care for by Marshal and payable from Corpora­tion Fund.


July 8               Materials turned over to J.A. Wells included six prison window frames and sash valued at $3.50 each.


October 4        Contract to Halls Safe and Lock Co. of Cincinnati for steel and iron work and materials for city prison. $2850.00, paid $511.46 this month.


October 13      Resolve it necessary to have one more policeman for the protection of the city.


A. Doll was nominated by mayor and received unanimous vote.

(A. Doll had been working as watchman for City Hall last several months.)





Marshal William J. Davis


January 3          Shackles ‑‑ $4.80


January 24        Contract for steam heating, gas piping and plumbing in City Hall ‑‑ Gibbons and McCormack, Dayton, for $2648.00.


February 2       Two tubular boilers (for heating) 52 in. diameter x 16 ft. long with 39 tubes with steam dome 22 x 26 ‑‑ $1967.00.


February 7       Purchase authorization defeated by council vote.


March 28         Authorized by Ohio General Assembly to issue bonds not exceeding $20,000 for completing, heating and furnishing City Hall.


Building Fund ‑‑ total disbursements for year ending 3‑7‑1881 ‑‑ $26,571.70


May 2              Resolved changes in building (City Hall) gallery in drill room estimated cost $365. To be constructed out of second floor rooms over sleeping rooms of firemen.


Cost of boarding prisoners returned to Police Fund from Corporation Fund (still being paid to G. Aigin).


June 13            Ordered Marshal to have new gas light posts painted.


July 20             Painting contract (of City Hall) awarded to A.K. Foster after George B. Alexander left town without completing work and did not return. Remainder of contract $915.00.


August 1           To C. Jenson, Columbus, contract for stage scenery ‑‑ $1550


August 2           Solicitor instructed to insure City Hall for $50,000.00


September 5     Resolution passed 10‑13‑1880 (for one more policeman) rescinded and A.H. Dall discharged.


September 13   Seth Thomas clock, striking the hour, with illuminated dial of French glass be purchased for $1200 to be purchased for City Hall.


September 21   Agreed by Council to put wood doors in the vaults of City Hall.


October 3        5 days, Team Work $ 15.00


October 20      Central Ohio Telephone Co. granted right and privileges to erect poles along streets and alleys for their wires to be used for a telephone exchange ‑‑ said poles to be straight, well pealed and along principal streets ‑‑ be painted white.


Citizens requested a street crossing on Winter Street near Post Office across to the American House.


November 21   Contract for Gas fixtures ‑‑ $1974.00





Marshal William J. Davis


January 2          School Board expressed concern over growth in population and need to provide separate facilities for High School. Desiring a central location, ask council to appropriate property occupied by Engine House for such use.


Council resolved to offer Engine House property on NW corner of William and Franklin to school board for same price city paid city paid school board for it ‑‑ $1500.


First phone bill appropriation $2.00 ‑‑ Central Ohio Telephone


March 6           City prison report presented to Council first time by Marshal William Davis (for $16.80 for month ending 2‑28‑82).


March 7           First ordinance passed dealing with prohibition of "rubber or leather slings". Punishable with fine not exceeding $10.


(Soldier and Sailors) Monumental Association was given privilege of using Opera Hall the first five nights. Rental set at $50 per night.


March 21         Building fund ‑‑ total disbursement ending 3‑6‑1882 ‑‑ $35,363.18


June 7              Resolved that in view of city's finances that only three policemen will be employed for next two months.


August 8           Appropriations:


N.C. Sigfried, building fence around City Hall    $ 31.40

C.F. Miller, building drive around City Hall             1.50

Delaware Gas Co., gas for city offices                  12.20

Daughman & Evans, furniture for offices               27.70


August 12         Scales of rental prices for City Hall established:


Theaters ‑‑ $40

Lectures ‑‑ $25            Daytime ‑‑ $20

Concerts ‑‑ $30            Daytime ‑‑ $15


College and Churches ‑‑ $25 Daytime ‑‑ $20


October 5        Census just completed showed total population of city being 7620. Census taken by George Root for sum of $10.


December 5     For the month of 11‑1882: prisoners confined ‑‑ 28, meals furnished ‑‑ 250, cost of meals @ 14 cents each ‑‑ $35.00


Resolved that city procure enough matting to cover the floor in the Marshal's room.





Marshal William J. Davis


January 1          Smith Bros. ‑‑ 1 police whistle $ 1.00


March 5           William A. Lear ‑‑ painting in police quarters 2.70


March 12         Representatives of the Columbus Waterworks laid before the council plans for the establishment of such works here.


April 4              Apparently city paid for burial of small pox victim as entries in appropriation ordinance under Sanitary Fund read:


N. Wagner ‑‑ coffin                                          $ 25.00

George W. Mayo ‑‑ burying small pox p.                      10.00

George H. Carter ‑‑ med.                                             1.80


April 6              F.M. Byers & Co. ‑‑ furniture for Marshal's office $23.33


May 7              Allowance for prisoners meals – 19 cents


Resolved police salary be raised to $1.75 per day.


Arrest record shows arrest made for Highway Robbery. No fine or penalty indicated.


June 4              Prisoners meals allowance – 14 cents per meal


One police whistle – 75 cents


July 2               There was 162 gas lamps and 131 coal oil lamps in town. Cost of lighting preceding year:


Gas lights ‑‑ $1833.84

Coal oil ‑‑ $1264.15


Resolved no street be less than 60 ft. wide and no alley less than one rod wide.


A separate gas meter be installed for the Armory Hall as they will Pay own gas usage bill­


September 3     Appropriations Ordinance ‑‑ maces $ 4.50


October 29      R.R. Co. desired to have a day policeman appointed. On motion Policeman Tierney was transferred to depot for the present. Lost ‑‑ lack of majority.


November 5     Policeman McFerson transferred to Bee Line depot temporarily.


Bill for painting roof of City Hall presented ‑‑ $123.98. Council approved payment of one half and balance ‑‑ $61.99 ‑‑ to be paid in four years from date, providing paint remains satisfactory.


November 12   David Inscho hired to fire boilers and attend to heating of City Hall for $40 per month.


November 21   Fire Department petitioned Council to give them occupancy of Armory since military was not using.





Marshal Charles F. Miller


January 7          Resolved by council that the street running east and west across college grounds between Sandusky and Henry, the same being a continuation of Park Avenue, be reopened at once.


Dr. Besse's bill on Mr. Nichols, a person in city prison, was allowed in amount of $6.00 and the solicitor ordered to collect the same from Mr. Nichols.


February 4       The discussion concerning the opening of Elsworth Street, through college grounds, was discussed at length. Resolved if the city give up their claim to Elsworth Street, the university would dedicate to the city ‑‑ a strip of land for street purpose, to extend Wilmer Street on a curve with the railroad to intersect with Henry Street.


March 10         Year ending 3‑10‑1884 report:


City Hall Fund, amount paid out                    $ 1592.77

Police Fund, amount paid out    4273.63

Police Fund, balance on hand    2390.86

Debt statement, total indebtedness                  70649.86

Outstanding Bonds                   85600.00


March 24         Raised Mayor's salary to $600 per annum

Raised city solicitor's salary to $500 per annum


April 9              E. Berkshire Street to Central Avenue and W. North Street to Central Avenue so the continuous street from east to west corporation line be called one name.


April 14            Bill approved by council for $40.90 payable to C. Platt ‑‑ then laid back ‑‑ again. First entry found was 4‑9‑1884 when committee reported back (had to have been submitted earlier ‑‑ at least one month).


May 5              Resolved to have six policemen.


Marshal instructed to have cards printed listing names of committee­men (as had been for past several years). Example: Finance, Claims, Street Improvement, Drains & Ditches, Gas St. Lamps, etc.


June 2              On motion Marshal instructed to place desks in proper position (presumably in council room).


Committee on claims reported against C. Platt's bill because city never had any contract or agreement with such for winding or repair clock. Platt replied he had cared for clock for last 16 months and would not continue without compensation of $40 per annum. And reminded council warranty was valid only if properly wound and cared for.


August 4           Soldier's Burial Ground in 0.G.C. approved.


Changed East Grant and West Jackson Streets to Fountain Avenue as they were one continuous street from Euclid to Olentangy River.


September 1     Ordinance prohibiting saloons to be open on Sundays was read third time and was lost for lack of majority vote.


November 3     Cost of feeding prisoners still at 14 cents per meal. "It was advised by council to feed the prisoners on bread and water."




Marshal Charles F. Miller


January 5          Had 22 prisoners in December furnished 229 meals at 4 cents for a total of $9.16


Resolved a committee of Council President, Mayor and City Solicitor be appointed to investigate the cause of the delay of the Fire Department in reaching the fire at the planing mill of George Perry (Fire on 12‑31‑85 destroyed main building and contents).


January 8          Investigation committee gave report. A line on the harness came unsnapped as leaving engine house causing the horses to be un­manageable. As a result, they ran off the bridge, breaking the tongue of the engine and back of single tree. After crossing Winter Street Bridge, in turning the engine, it was run into a hole or ditch. In pulling out and turning, the engine tongue was completely broken off and had to be drawn rest of way by assistance of volunteers. The fire in engine was not properly attended which caused a delay in getting up steam.


On motion, Fire Department was unanimously exonerated from blame.


However, as the results the committee of three established 21 rules of conduct for firemen.


February 9       Trial of Thomas F. Mitchell


Mitchell was suspended from duty on 1‑8‑1885 by Mayor Henry Baker after it being reported by Marshal he (Mitchell) was negligent in performance of duties. Specifically that Mitchell was going home at midnight and not finishing his shift. Further, he had been seen walking with wife on street or in business places during his shift. Also, he had made no arrests since 9‑13‑1884. And finally, when called upon to report before a committee investi­gating charges, he failed to report and sent word committee "could go to hell" and he would quit before returning to duty on west side.


Testimony and signed petitions were presented stating Mitchell was a good officer, did not shirk his duties and no citizen com­plaints had been heard.


Two doctors testified Mitchell had a very sick child at time he was observed entering his home around midnight, and that the day he was suspended, Mitchell himself was ill and confined to bed.


By vote of 9 to 1, Mitchell was reinstalled to the Police Force.


February 16     Board of Revision Report


The Board of Revision (Mayor Henry Baker, City Solicitor F.A. Kauffman, Council President J. Hipple) had examined into Police Department and found it did not operate as efficiently as it might due to lack of understanding duties and lack of discipline. They found the officers to be faithful performing their duties, but felt it necessary to put together rules and regulations of the Department. This along with an abstract of the laws of arrest, be published and a copy furnished to each officer.


Report and resolution passed unanimously.





                                                          February 16, 1885




1.         Must be able to read and write the English language


2.         Must be a citizen of the United States


3.         Must be actual resident of the City of Delaware, Ohio, for not less than one year prior to his appointment


4.         Must be of good health, good eyesight and sound body


5.         Must be of steady habits and good moral character


                                                           THE MARSHAL


Rule 1: The Marshal shall be the principal ministerial officer of the City and of the Mayor's Court, and it shall be his duty to execute and return all process to him directed by the Mayor, to attend on the sittings of said Court, to execute the orders and process thereof, and preserve order therein, but any policeman may discharge said duties if the Marshal be not at hand or is otherwise engaged in his official duties.


The Marshal shall be the Chief of the police force and subordinate to the Mayor, shall have absolute command of the policeman under such rules and regulations as may from time to time be prescribed by the council. He shall in addition to the other duties prescribed by law, by thorough and vigilant attention during all hours of service prescribed for the force, to know as far as possible that every member thereof is faithfully discharging his duty, and for this purpose the Marshal shall visit the different beats as often as possible. He shall keep a book in which shall be written the names of the policeman under his charge, in which he shall faithfully note any and all delinquencies, omissions, and violations of duty by any policeman together with the date thereof, and exhibit the same to the Mayor or any member of the council when demanded. He shall also make an abstract of such entries in tabular form, and report the same to the Board of Revision once a month.


Rule 2: He shall keep in his office a book for the police to register their names and the time of going on and off duty. Also, a book in which is to be entered the name in full of every person arrested, the time of his or her arrest, the offense charged, the name of the complainant, and the name of the officer who made the arrest. Also, he shall keep a book in which all stolen or other property, taken by the members of the police force, in which he shall keep a record of the same, together with the name of the person from whom taken, the probable value of the same, together with the name of the person from whom taken and such other informa­tion as he may deem necessary.


Rule 3: He shall keep in his office a bulletin board, upon which he shall post all information he may deem necessary but all information receives in use be communicated to the other police, in regard to any crimes or offenses committed.


Rule 4: He shall be responsible for the cleanliness, general condition and good order of prison and prison apartments.


Rule 5: He shall attend all day trains arriving in the City as often as he can without conflicting with other duties of his office, note all suspicious persons getting off the same and immediately notify the police of such characters, render assistance to the traveling public, and be subject to the general rules governing the public so far as they are applicable to his office.


                                                         GENERAL RULES


Rule 1: Each member of the police force shall devote his whole time and attention to the business of the department and he is expressly prohibited from following any other calling or being employed in any other business, and they must at all times be prepared to act immediately on notice that their services are required.


Rule 2: Punctual attendance, prompt obedience to orders and conformity to the rules of the department will be rigidly enforced.


Rule 3: Each member in his conduct and department must be quiet, civil and orderly, in the performance of duty, he must maintain decorum and attention, command of temper, patience and discretion. He must at all times refrain from violent coarse, profane and insolent language but at the same time, if required, act with firmness and sufficient energy to perform his duties.


Rule 4: When he decides it is necessary to make an arrest, he must immediately act,, and take the prisoner to the City prison or before the Mayor or a Magistrate, and in no case to argue with the prisoner after he has made the arrest.


Rule 5: Any member of the police force who shall willfully maltreat or use un­necessary violence toward a prisoner or citizen, shall on complaint being made and the fact established by competent testimony, be reprimanded or suspended by the Mayor to be then reported to the council.


Rule 6: No member of the police force shall in the City prison or City Hall or elsewhere while on duty drink any kind of liquor or enter any place in which in­toxicating liquor of any kind may be sold or furnished, except in the discharge of his duties. No intoxicating liquor shall upon any pretext be introduced into the City prison, except by advice of a reputable physician.


Rule 7: Any member of the police who shall be guilty of sleeping while on duty shall be subject to fine, suspension or dismissal from the force.


Rule 8: No member of the police force shall procure, furnish or become bail for any person arrested.


Rule 9: No member of the police force shall be at liberty to enter any house of prostitution, except for the purpose of discharging the duties of his office.


Rule 10: Each member shall at all times, have with him a small book, in which he shall enter the names of persons taken in charge by him and such particulars in each case, as will be important on the trial of the cause.


Rule 11: Each member of the police force shall wear the badge on the outside of the outermost garment over the left breast, so that the entire surface of the same may be easily and distinctly seen, unless otherwise ordered by the Marshal.


Rule 12: No member shall leave the department or be absent from duty without per­mission of the Mayor, who shall then notify the Marshal.


Rule 13: Property stolen or embezzled which shall be found in the possession of any person who may be arrested, shall be taken to the City prison and delivered to the Marshal.


Rule 14: Members of the police force must be civil and respectful toward each other on all occasions.


Rule 15: Every police officer will be furnished with a copy of the rules and regula­tions which they will keep in their possession in order to become perfectly familiar with their duties.


Rule 16: They must report all horses, cattle and swine astray and report the same to the Marshal, who will cause the same to be taken to the public pound.


Rule 17: Members of the police force on resigning or being discharged or otherwise leaving the department shall immediately surrender their book of rules and regula­tions, their badge, keys, nippers, mace and all other insignia of office in their possession to the Marshal.


Rule 18: When a crime has been committed and the Mayor has reason to suspect that " negligence is attributable to the policeman in whose district the crime was committed, the policeman will be required to show by his own affidavit or by the testimony of other persons, that he was strictly attending to his duties according to the rules and regulations or he will be subject to suspension or dismissal from office.


Rule 19: Every regular policeman when on duty must be neat in person, his clothes and boots clean, his dress a uniform of navy blue with the regulation buttons, and such hat as the Board of Revision may determine.


Rule 20: He must to the utmost of his powers prevent the commissions of assaults, breaches of the peace, and all other crimes about to be committed.


Rule 21: He must by his vigilance render it extremely difficult for any one to commit crime in his district and when in districts offenses frequently occur, there will be good reason to suppose that there is negligence or want of ability on the part of the person in charge of said district and any policeman who shall knowingly allow crimes to be perpetrated and offenses to occur in his district, without arresting the offenders, shall be subject to fine, suspension or dismissal from the force.


Rule 22: He shall frequently during the tour of his district carefully examine (in the night time) all doors and low windows of stores fronting on the streets to see that they are properly locked, also areas and area gates of the houses in his district.


Rule 23: He must strictly watch the conduct of all persons of known bad character and in such manner that will not be evident to said persons that they are watched, and that certain detection must follow the attempt to commit crime; he shall note the time of the appearance of any person of known bad character in his district and the circumstances attending and also if possible to notify the other officers on duty.


Rule 24: He shall report to the Marshal all suspicious persons, gamblers, receivers of stolen goods or property or his suspicions that they are such and all information to his office and the Marshal shall immediately communicate such information to all the members of the force.


Rule 25: Each policeman shall each day on going and coming off duty, examine the bulletin board in the office of the Marshal, on which is posted information of offenses committed.


Rule 26: When any person charges another with the commission of a crime, and insists that the person charged shall be taken into custody, the policeman shall require the accuser if unknown to him, to accompany him as a witness along with the accused to the Mayor's office or other Magistrate as the case may be and shall as soon as possible return to his duty in his district and see that no depredations have committed during his absence.


Rule 27: A policeman shall not leave his district or go off duty till regularly relieved unless otherwise directed by orders that he may receive from the Mayor or Marshal.


Rule 28: He must not use or threaten to use his baton, or any other weapon, except in the most urgent case of self‑defense.


Rule 29: He shall enter in the book to be kept by the Marshal's office the name in length of every person detained by him the time of his or her arrest, the offence charged, the name and residence of the complainant and his own name when he has made the arrest.


Rule 30: Policemen must not walk together except when it is necessary to the dis­charge of their duties.


Rule 31: When on duty he shall note all street and sidewalk obstructions, all defects therein from which accidents may occur, removing them when practicable; all places for which temporary permits are granted for building, or where openings or excavations are being made, and not suffer them to be continued, without examining the permits authorizing the same, and shall cause suitable accommodations to be provided for the public travel; all coal holes left exposed or insecure; all street lamps not lighted at proper times, or to early extinguished, when not cleaned, or not giving sufficient light; all wooden building erected or being erected contrary to law or ordinances of the City, or any buildings defectively built or becoming unsafe, or where any noise some or dangerous or unwholesome trade is carried on and all nuisance and other matters relating to the safety and con­venience of the public, or to the interest of the City which may exist or occur in his district, and shall make report thereof without delay to the Mayor and Marshal.


Rule 32: He shall cause all children who have strayed, or infants who have been abandoned, to be taken to the residents of their parents if known and within the bounds of his district, and if not to the Marshal's Office. He shall taken notice of contagious disease or sudden death when there is reasonable ground to suspect criminality, and render immediate aid in case of accident or illness in the street, ascertaining all important particulars connected therewith and making record thereof.

Rule 33: When he discovers a pickpocket in a crowd, at railroad stations, theaters, or any other thronged places, he shall give suitable warning to the other officers, and if discovered in the act of operating remove then at once to the City prison.


Rule 34: All members of the police force must know and understand the ordinances necessary to be enforced by them.


Rule 35: He shall give courteous and civil replies to all inquiries of strangers and others as to the localities which they may wish to find.


Rule 36: Application for absence must be made to the Mayor who shall grant such leave as he may see best, and immediately notify the Marshal.


Rule 37: The night policeman in whose district the City Hall is situated shall see that all the doors of the Hall are properly locked after the officers have left, and after any entertainments have been held therein, and anyone neglecting this duty shall be reprimanded or suspended.


Rule 38: Any member of the police force who while on duty, shall enter any dwelling, factory, depot, brewery, shop, store or warehouse, grocery, office, tavern, saloon, restaurant, billiard room, gambling house, theater or any place of public amusement except in the discharge of his official duties, or in cold weather when it is neces­sary for him to warm, and then not to remain longer than necessary for that purpose, shall be subject to suspension or removal from office.




February 16     Ordinance establishing a reserve police force was passed 8 to 1.


March 9           Regular members of the Fire Department ordered to fire City Hall boilers without extra compensation after 5‑1‑1885.


March 16         Hard wood shutters lined with sheet iron to be placed on the two windows of the Female Prison. Paid $3.76 for shutters on 5‑4‑1885.


April 11            On motion resolution of 5‑5‑1884 appointing additional policeman

be rescinded and number of policemen to be five.


Annual Report of Mayor Reference Police Department:


Collected Fines and Licenses $337.95


ARRESTS                               338

 Intox                                        177

 Drunk and Disorderly                 13

 Grand Larceny                             8

 Petty Larceny                             24

 Assault with Intent to Kill                                     10

 Assault and Battery                     24

 House Breaking                            4

 Robbery and Larceny                   1

 Committing Rape                          1

 Committing Nuisance                    3

 Using Obscene Language                                      6

 Disturbing Meetings                      3

 Malicious Destruction of Property                          2

 Carrying Concealed Weapons      9

 Obtaining Money Under False Pretense                 1

 Stoning R.R. Trains                       2

 Keeping Saloons Open on Sundays                             4

 Resisting Officers                          3

 Climbing on Cars in Motion          4

 Keeping House of Prostitution       2

 Visiting House of Prostitution        4

 Disturbing the Peace                     9

 Indecent Exposure of Person        5

 Loitering                                       8

 Vagrancy                                      2

 Trespass                                       1

 Peddling Without License                                      2

 Fast Driving Over Bridge                                       1


Over 50 percent of arrests made having been for intoxication.


Tramp system a continuing nuisance. During cold weather must furnish them night lodging to prevent their annoyance to citizens. In mornings they are given small loaf of bread, fresh water and salt, if desired, released and ordered out of town. The plan of giving prisoners bread and water is a saving to the city and is having its desired effect upon prisoners. It is recommended that some action be taken for erection of a District Work House to better meet the punishment of offenders.


November 20   A.K. Foster given contract to paint iron bridge on Winter Street to scrape off all posted bills, dirt, paint scales and etc., then apply in a "neat and workmanlike manner" two coats of paint. Contract for $84.50.




Marshal Charles F. Miller


March 1           Ordinance to appoint five deputy marshals. Referred to Board of Revision to fix salaries of officers.


April 6              The rear yard of City Hall to be used as an animal pound instead of renting Russells stable.


May 3              Ordinance reference five deputy marshals passed. Wage to remain $1.75 per day.


August 2           Resolution presented and referred to Marshal "that Marshal be instructed to station a Deputy Marshal in East Delaware as there is no protection from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m.


Marshal authorized to purchase suitable badges for Deputy Marshals (9‑6‑1886 paid $16 for badges).


September 6     Police fund was credited with $931.16, one half of Dow Liquor Tax (remainder to Corporation Fund). Also money received from fines and licenses were put into Police Fund.


Also noted in prison report:


304 meals served @ $ .04

  2 meals served @ $ .25


In last several months there has been a few meals at a higher rate. Reason not stated.


October 4        Marshal instructed to procure keys for several desks in council room.


Ordinance amendment passed 8 to 1 for increasing Deputy Marshals to six.


December 6     Fire Chief reported finding running gears of old Hook and Ladder wagon in City Hall basement. Recommend Fire Department men build into good serviceable spring wagon for a supply wagon for department, a committee wagon for council and a patrol wagon for the Police. The extra horse in the department could be at service at all times.


December 13   Report accepted and adopted by council.





Marshal Charles F. Miller


January 4          Resolved by council to have a telephone placed in residence of City Marshal at the expense of the city. (5‑9‑1887 Telephone Co. ‑‑ Marshal's inst. ‑‑ $2.50)


April 6              Mayor's Annual Report to Council:


297 arrests ‑‑ 61 state and 236 city cases

total fines city cases ‑‑ $1301.50, collected $283.90, suspended sentences 52


"From one to thirty days imprisonment was inflicted in cases where defendants were impecunious except in the case of vagrants and tramps who were summarily bounced out of the City. I would recom­mend that an arrangement be effected with the County Commissioners for the erection of a work house in common, that may be utilized all the year round. The City has sufficient ground on South Henry Street for the purpose, and access to stone is all that could be desired. There is a certain class of people who perform no honest labor and are habitually offenders and dangerous. Imprisonment in idleness has but little effect, hard labor is of the greatest physical benefit to the criminals and financial benefit to the City. With the persuasive influence of a dungeon cell with a rule of "No Work No Food" the Mayor would be able to assist in macadamizing the streets with the labor of the element which by its disregard of law, makes a police force a necessity, a police court a compulsion and a stone pile the only adequate reformatory."


August 1           Half Street to Fair Avenue.


October 3        Ordinance reference to South Street (Gable Street) shown in brackets.





Marshal P. S. English


May 9              Ordinance passed after third reading 6 to 4


Council shall appoint annually eight policemen and one night turnkey for city prison. Such persons shall receive $1.75 per day (or night for turnkey). Shall be under $1500 bond. Shall have been invested with same powers as Deputy Marshals. Prior ordinance reference appointing Deputy Marshals repealed.


June 4              Marshal authorized to have chairs of Council room repaired.


July 2               Resolved by unanimous vote, Night Turnkey of City prison duties include lighting and extinguishing the lights in the dials of the town clock.


Report made and accepted: Fire Department to build patrol wagon, for $88, under supervision of the Marshal.


July 9               Ordinance passed authorizing Delaware Edison Electric Light & Power House Co. to erect, construct and operate such in the City of Delaware.


July 23             First Police Committee announced.


July, August,     Prison Report:

September,                                           Meals

October           7‑1888 Prisoners  9      64 @  4 cents

       Tramps    15          24 @ 15 cents


8‑1888 Prisoners 23     71 @  4 cents

       Tramps     7           24 @ 12 cents


9‑1888 Prisoners 29     99 @ 12 cents

       Tramps     4           26 @ 4 cents

3 cups coffee @ 4 cents

4 meals @ 15 cents


10‑1888 Prisoners 26   127 @ 12 cents

        Tramps    19         8 loaves bread @ 4 cents


Without any explanation more meals were served. Change in policy from bread and water had to have occurred. Previous to this, there was a period where three or four meals per month were served costing 12 cents to 14 cents. Can only assume this was for long-term prisoners.


August 6           For police clubs ‑‑$2.10 (#'s of purchases not given)


For police lock ‑‑1.50

For police badges‑‑15.50  (Badges needed because of policemen instead of Deputy Marshals)


August 13         Depot and East Streets changed to Lake Street. Erie Street to Potter Street.


September 3     City Marshal authorized to purchase a single set of harness for the horse that is intended for city wagon.


October 4        Marshal was delivering notices to councilmen of special council meeting.


November 5     J. Klee and Sons ‑‑ Harness and repairing  $ 4.80


November 20   Bond of $20,000 accepted from Delaware Water Co. by City of Delaware ‑‑ shall faithfully commence the construction of said waterworks.


December 3     Report from Marshal for month of 11‑1888 ‑‑ first report given of number of runs with Patrol Wagon ‑‑ 5


City Hall Fund ‑‑ Shades of Marshal's Office  $5.25





Marshal P. S. English


January 7          C. D. Crawford ‑‑ shoeing horse ‑‑ $2.50 (first entry indicating horse for P.D.)


February 4       Mass vaccinating of all children, attending or eligible to attend school, require by State Board of Health to prevent the spread of small pox.


April 2              Annual Marshal's Report:


Members of Police Department had been very energetic and vigilant in discharge of duties. When called upon for continuous duty of 18 to 24 hours with no sleep or rest, they responded uncomplaining. Strict discipline has been maintained and only two incidents had to be reported to Mayor. The "City Wagon" had proven to be invaluable as an auxiliary. It also was useful in expeditiously reaching fires, thus enabling one or more Police officers to be promptly on the scene "to render assistance in rescuing persons and suppressing the fire" or maintain order. "In this connection, I would very respectfully recommend to our honorable City Council that a Patrol box be placed in service, as soon as it can con­veniently be done", and "for the sake of utility and convenience, the box should be located between Eaton and Ross Streets on Liberty Street."


May 2              Report filed by C. Platt reference repair of town clock‑‑"At the end of the pendulum rod tied on below the ball, I discovered a market basket filled with stones." Was told "that was to make the clock run slower." The clock needed complete overhaul, requiring it to be taken down and "that is no easy job as the ball alone weighs some 300 lbs."





Marshal P. S. English


November        Prisoner meals – 13 cents4

Lodgers – 32 cents


P.S. English made $2.00 per day ‑‑ Police made $1.75 per day.


December        Locks on jail worn out ‑‑ purchased six new prison locks and two new keys.


Housed 300 lodgers.


Coal $2.24 per ton, delivered in cellar.


Recommend to buy "Market House" NW corner of Union and William for $3750.





Marshal H. W. Vogt


February 3       Resolution that Police report the location of street lights out or giving feeble light, along with the date, hours and minutes, and this be reported monthly to council.


March 2           Police got telephone (Central Union Telephone Company) $2.00 per month (patrol box was installed on South Liberty).


March 10         Brine Enright, policeman, suspended for striking John McGuire with a police club while arresting same for intoxication.


Marshal pay $2.00 per day - Police $1.75


April                 Motion to reduce police salary from $1.75 to $1.50 per day failed.


April 9              Bicycle Ordinance - Unlawful to ride bicycle on sidewalk.


May 4              William Matthews and James Spaulding were among those appointed police officers.


May 18            Motion to consider a new roof on William Street Bridge.


June 11            Expenditure in Police Fund shows cost of horse shoeing.


August 3           Due to the large number of tramps staying at the city jail (300 to 500 per month), it was recommended that the driveway in the east part of the City Building be fitted up suitably for em­ploying such persons at breaking stone. A door would have to be hung at south side of said driveway and one half dozen stone hammers purchased at an expense not to exceed $6.50.


September 10   Communication from Marshal H. W. Vogt: "I would respectfully call your attention to "GRIFFIN" the horse used in the patrol wagon. He is unfit for use in the wagon on account of the bad condition of his feet and much of the time he is sick and unfit for work".


October 5        "Boy, did the number of tramps drop ‑‑ clear down to 32 for the month."


Marshal to secure voting places for election.


Bought whistles for police.


December 7     "Griffin" was traded for another horse to Frank Wolf, a difference of $40 was paid."





Marshal H. W. Vogt


March 18         City entered into a contract with "Delaware Electric Light & Power Company" to light the City Building.


April 19            Police Department Annual Report:


"This department under the direct control of Marshal Vogt, consists of six policemen. Each of which during the past year have shown a disposition to faithfully discharge their duties and have at all times when their Chief deemed it necessary for the protection of the public been willing to and have worked extra time without extra compensation. Thus saving the City the cost of an extra policeman."


Police Officers:             C. 0. Jones

W. B. Matthews

William Carl

F. M. Evans

J. W. Spaulding

Miles Boggan


Police reappointed by council every year ‑‑ Marshal elected every two years.





Marshal P. W. Keefe


August              Lodgers apparently no longer kept in jail.


September 6     Frank Vining appointed police officer.

Nathan Jones appointed police officer.


November 9     Telephone "Patrol Box" was removed on South Liberty Street.


December 21   Patrol Box phone was reinstalled by "Citizens Telephone Co."





Marshal P. W. Keefe


January 9          Four patrol runs, 21 arrests, 231 lodgers.


February 6       Three runs with wagon.


May 1              Policemen appointed: William Matthews, William Carl, Frank Vining, W. W. Wilson, James Spaulding, Michael Mahoney.


July 24             Resolution presented to grant police and fire two (2) days off per month with pay ‑‑ and two (2) weeks vacation per year.


August 4           Five runs with patrol wagon.


Michael Mahoney resigned from Police Department ‑‑ Council voted not to fill his position


October 2        Pat Tierney appointed policeman.


Fall                   Wooden bridge (William Street) burnt.





Marshal William B. Mathews


January 2          Nine runs with wagon.


March‑April     A fight developed between City Council and Prosecutor over the in­vestigation of the fire which destroyed the William Street Bridge. Prosecutor got an injunction to keep city fathers from building a new bridge without a vote of the people. He accused them (in so many words) of being responsible. They responded with a resolution explaining that the only investigation was conducted by Marshal and police with no help from the Prosecutor and they could not determine the origin of the fire.


May 14            Police officers confirmed: Thomas B. Williams, Charles Ruder, Frank Vining, W. W. Wilson, Patrick Tieniry, James Spaulding, Charles Keiser, W. B. Mathews (Marshal), plus specials.


May 28            Police Committee recommended the purchase of a new patrol wagon.


June 4              Council instructed the Police Committee to purchase seven helmets to be used by the police ($16.80).


July 2               Mayor authorized to purchase four Electric Pocket Lanterns for use in the Police Department ($14.00).


July 16             A motion was made to grant police and firemen one weeks vacation per year ‑‑ motion lost. A motion was made to strike the words "with pay" ‑‑ the motion still lost. It was moved to strike the words "and that a substitute be employed to take the place of the member off duty" ‑‑ and that motion lost. It was then moved to table the motion ‑‑ and that lost.


Pat Tieniry no longer a policeman.


August 6           "Be it resolved by the Council of the City of Delaware, Ohio, that the Marshal be and is hereby authorized to hire a patrol horse at such times as may be necessary during the time the present patrol horse is needed in the Fire Department."

"Resolved that each member of the Fire and Police Departments, Stage Carpenter and Janitor and City Clerk be granted a vacation of one week each year with pay and that a substitute be employed to take the place of the member off duty."


August 20         Resolution to contract with Frank Moyer to build a new Police Patrol and Ambulance Wagon for $265.00.


December 21   Resolution to Codify and arrange ordinances.


Ordinance to establish Reserve and Special Police. Six reserves to be appointed each year on April 3Oth, to receive the same wages as regular Policemen.


C.W. Keiser, Police Officer.





Marshal William B. Mathews


March 4           Resolution to purchase a cabinet in which to file pictures of criminals.


April 8              South Henry from Railroad to river was made a "speedway".


September 2     Resolution that a room be partitioned off for an emergency room in the Marshal's office and to put new floor in, under the direction of Police Committee.


September 16   Resolution to move some hot water heat from the Opera Room to both male and female prisons.





Marshal William B. Mathews


Police: J. Spaulding, T. B. Williams, Charles Keiser, Frank Vining, W.W. Wilson, Charles Ruder. Pay still $2.00 for Marshal, $1.75 for Police





Chief of Police William B. Mathews


March 2           An ordinance was passed which designated the officers and official boards of the city. This ordinance took effect the first day of May 1903.


Section XIX: A Board of Public Safety, consisting of two members, is hereby created and established: provided, however, that not more than one of said board shall be of the same political party.


Section XX: The Directors of Public Safety shall be appointed by the Mayor with the advice and consent of two‑thirds of all members elected to Council for a term of four years.


Section XXII: The Police Department of said city shall consist of the Chief of Police and six patrolmen who shall be appointed and confirmed from the classified list of the Department of Public Safety as prescribed by the laws of the State of Ohio and the ordinances of the City.


Section XXIII: The Chief of Police shall be the executive head of the Department under the direction of the Mayor. He shall in addi­tion to his duties as Chief of Police act as ministool officer of the Police Court. He shall receive as his compensation for the above services an annual salary of $1,000.00.


Section XXV: The compensation of Patrolmen shall be $55.00 per month.


Fire Chief was paid $60.00 per month.


April 20            Resolution that the Police Committee be instructed to rebuild the building in the rear of the City Building for the accommodation of the new Police Patrol (wagon).


May 1              First Chief of Police ‑‑ William B. Mathews


June 1              Police officers same as last stated.





Chief of Police William B. Mathews


April 4              "Delaware Day" last Friday in April ‑‑ schools and businesses to be closed in the p.m.


May 2              Sold gray patrol horse for $55 ‑‑ due to age ‑‑ Resolution to purchase new horse (this may have been a fire horse).


July 6               Resolution: $80 for purchase of a Police Signal System.





Chief of Police William B. Mathews


YMCA established ‑‑ City population 7940 ‑‑ one‑fourth mile of paved streets.


March              Mayor's Docket: March‑December. W. B. Mathews was Chief from March 1905 to October 1907. Chief received $1.80, Mayor $2.30, as costs from each case filed.


May 5              Vining and Keiser, pay 70 cents for mileage.


A man was charged with reckless operation because he was intoxi­cated while driving his horse in a reckless manner. Fine $10 and costs.


December 4     Resolution to reduce the number of patrolmen ‑‑ lost 3 to 4.





Chief of Police William B. Mathews


February          South Fair Street ‑‑ changed to Cheshire Street. North Fair Street ‑‑ Changed to Moore Street.


Both James Street and Waldo Street changed to Channing Street.


South Street changed to Hayes Street.


Short Harrison Street is now Maple Street.


Third Street ‑‑ "Park Avenue"‑‑ east of Liberty extended.


September 10   Speed limit ‑‑ horses, mares, other animals or automobiles shall not exceed 8 MPH.


November 12   Dr. Hoyt was allowed to run his picture machine without any license.


Keiser still Police Officer.





Chief of Police William B. Mathews


June 7              Mayor Annual Report ‑‑ Mayor H. H. Beecher referred to hearing 213 cases of all kinds.


August 12         E. D. Rugg on Department.


September 16   William Pickett salary ‑‑ $30.00.


October 7        To City Council


"I have the honor of reporting to you that W. B. Mathews, Chief of Police, the City of Delaware, Ohio, tendered his resignation to me on September 30, 1907, the same to take effect on October 15, 1907. Said resignation has been accepted by me and in due time a successor will be named by me and reported to your honorable body for affirma­tion."

H. H. Beecher, Mayor


November 11   James Spaulding appointed Chief of Police. T. B. Williams appointed Captain of Police. William Pickett appointed Patrolman.


November 18   Chief of Police salary $900.00.


December 30   Claim by W. B. Mathews rejected.





Chief of Police Spaulding


February 25     City hired assistant counsel in the trial of W. B. Mathews in Common Pleas Court.


April 6              Ordinance for summoning and impounding a jury in cases of viola­tion of ordinance. When the defendant pleads not guilty and de­mands a jury trial and the Mayor wants the final jurisdiction in the case, the Mayor writes the names of 24 citizens of the city who are qualified to act as jurors in the Court of Common Pleas. The defendant will strike off one name, the City Solicitor shall strike off one name and so on, alternately, until 12 names remain. In case either party refusal or neglect to strike a name, the Mayor shall act for them.


May 12            Motion to carry case of W. B. Mathews vs. the City of Delaware to the Circuit Court for further trial.


July 5               J.K.H. Hacobus and Charles Gorgas filed a damage claim, to wit: on July 5, 1908, a Police Patrol Wagon drove through their corn causing a loss of $25. Investigation by Council found no corn knocked down or damaged. Claim was rejected 8‑11‑08.


July 21             Report on Water Works (History).


September 25   A new Policeman ‑‑ Pickett, E.D. Rugg


Police were delivering Council summons.





Chief of Police Spaulding


April 9              Ordinance that all tramps be required to work seven hours for their day's food and lodging in jail.


July 13             New pay established ‑‑ Chief of Police $840 per year, $70 per month, Captain $62 per month, Patrolmen $57 per month.


This section repealed, section enacted 7‑3‑05 and 11‑18‑07.


August              Louis Street renamed King Avenue. Street now known as Court Street was named Library Court.


October 4        Delaware Retail Merchants Boosters Club was given exclusive use of all downtown streets and sidewalks on October 13, 14, 15 and 16 for the Pumpkin Show.





Chief of Police Spaulding


May 2              W. B. Mathews case decided in the Supreme Court on the 26th of April, 1910. Attorney for the City, F.A. Owen. Case decided in city's favor. William Mathews, 57 East William?





Chief of Police Spaulding


July 22             City finally paid F.A. Owen for services as special counsel in the case of W. B. Mathews ‑‑ $256.





Chief of Police Spaulding


March 25         Flood


Still had Pumpkin Show.


September 23   Complaints of automobiles running wild in the streets.





Chief of Police Spaulding


January 15        Reference made to "New Civil Service Commission".


May 18            "Budget" includes funds for Civil Service Commission.


June 1              Police Department asked for a pay increase.


August 3           A "Secret Service" fund was established for the prosecution of bootleg cases.





Chief of Police Spaulding


April 13            Raised the salary of the Nigh Captain of Police from $756 to $780.


May 3              Still have Patrol Horse ‑‑ expenses paid by Fire Department.


C. W. Keiser, Fire Chief.


Delaware Blue Limestone Quarry Co. (1907 was owned by F. L. Campbell)





Chief of Police Spaulding


March 20         "J.B. Driver, Safety Director, made a motion to purchase a Police Auto Patrol" ‑‑ motion passed and sent to Finance Committee.


December 4     Patrolmen petitioned for a $10 per month pay increase.


Resolution: "That in the enforcement of the Vehicle Ordinance, each owner of a machine or auto shall be notified of his first violation of this ordinance by means of a card tied to the steering wheel indicating his offense and his number be made a matter of record at the Police Station."





Chief of Police Spaulding


February 5       Claim made by Patrick Tierney, injured assisting police in making an arrest January 14, 1917.


May 7              A committee from "The Commercial Club of Delaware, Ohio" recommended charter form of government be placed on the ballot.


December 3     Ordinance increasing Chief`s salary and expanding the duties of the Mayor ‑‑ Ordinance #774, page 371, Record Book #2





Chief of Police Spaulding


January 7          An ordinance establishing the fees of Chief of Police and Mayor in prosecution of City cases ‑‑ Ordinance #778.


Safety Director proposed pay increase for Police and Fire.


April 10            Resolution demanding the Board of Education of Delaware City Schools ceased teaching German language immediately.


May 27            Resolution to borrow money to purchase a Ford auto for the Police Department.


Resolution to sell the bay horse, harness and wagon.


Ordinance fixing pay, number and bonds of Police and Fire ‑‑ Ordinance #798, Book 2 (amended by Ordinance #805).


July 15             Ordinance to provide for vacations for Policemen and Firemen. Ordinance #802, p. 425, Book 2


October           Berlin Street to North Street.


December 9     Resolution 1092: Liberty Street to Liberty Avenue "because it seemed more appropriate to have gone out from Liberty Street and returned to Liberty Avenue."





Chief of Police Spaulding


January 12        Ordinance fixing Police and Fire salaries ‑‑ Ordinance #843, Page 507, Book 2‑




April 4              William Mathews had oil station on East William. Petition #361 ‑‑ to lay pipes across East William "pipe to be laid from the south line of Mathews property at 95 East William to the north end of the old Reform Church site."


August 1           George Hoffman granted permission to erect an electric sign over West Winter Street.


September 12   OMVI ‑‑ Ordinance #880, Book 3, page 25.


Changed the fine for Intox. to $15 ‑‑ $100, Ordinance #881.




Chief of Police Spaulding


Still had Pumpkin Show. Many uses were made of East William, Eagles, Moose, Children's Home, Circus.


January 2          City Council Chambers was used to issue automobile tags.


March 6           Ordinance to establish the fees and costs of Mayor and Chief of Police, Ordinance #899, page 73, Book 3.


Ordinance #899, Setting Fees and Costs to be collected by Mayor and Chief of Police ‑‑ Under Penal Ordinance.


June 2              W. A. Whitacre appointed to Civil Service Commission.




Chief of Police Spaulding


January 2          Established and employed a sanitary policeman for six months of each year.


March 5           To The Honorable Council:


"The question to be disposed of soon is ‑‑ what is to be done with our City Hall Building? This building, that has a founda­tion good enough and heavy enough to support a mountain and yet, in reality,is supporting a "white elephant" who will soon have to have a new cover over her. The woodwork and metal work need paint and every place about the building shows that it is going into decline. This property, with an original cost of some $80,000, I am told, is certainly a Jonah on our hands. What is to be done? The building in its present condition has no revenue producing value, yet it is in the most desirable location in our city. With its more than 150 foot frontage on Sandusky Street and nearly that on William Street, if this building could be remodeled into business rooms on the first floor, a citizen hall and offices on the second and third floors, this would in my opinion be something that seven businessmen would plan to do and do it soon if such an opportunity were offered. What would you do with it if it were your building? The space occupied by the City Council, the City Auditor, the Mayor and Service Director and the Fire Department is too valuable for such occupancy. Other cities are removing their fire departments into locations less valuable. (The City Fire Department ought to be located on higher ground, anyway.) The large amount of space formerly needed when we kept horse‑drawn vehicles is put to no use now. There is space fronting on Sandusky Street sufficient to provide for seven or eight business rooms which are very much needed in our city and could be leased before completion at a handsome rental, and other parts of the building likewise. The City Building, I believe, could be remodeled at an approximate cost of, say, $50,000 which at six percent interest would be $3,000 per year. Rentals could be had when the building was remodeled that would pay the interest three times over. While I hesitate to say a word that would delay the plans of our Chamber of Commerce to provide a City rest room, yet, I believe you ought to pass the necessary legislation to employ an architect to see first what could be done with our white elephant which will soon be a burying ground if not otherwise disposed of. I trust you will give this matter your earnest thought.


W.S. Pollock, Mayor


No action taken.           F.D. King, Clerk


March              Railroad Street to Bernard Avenue.


March 23         Chamber of Commerce requested that the north part of the Council Chambers be converted into a ladies rest room because of the large number of people coming into town from the county and tourists.


May 7              Purchased new furniture for Council Chambers.


June 11            Resolution to obtain estimates for the repair of City Opera House and Citizens Hall.


It was recommended that they be repaired and improved to comply with the requirements of the State Industrial Commission and the Department of Workshops and Factories.


1. Have fire escapes and stairways erected.

2. Rearrange the seating of the Opera House.

3. Have electric wiring properly installed.

4. Have the ventilation system properly constructed and installed.

5. Have the heating system overhauled and renewed where necessary.

6. Proper number of toilets and water closets installed.

7. Plastering, papering and painting.


And all other necessary work done according to the orders issued by the aforesaid commission.


Estimated cost of repair ‑‑ $20,000


July 2               Service Director ordered to redecorate Council Chambers.


August 22         Bought several chairs for Council Chambers.


September 4     Ordinance passed to let heating contract for the first floor of City Hall, Ordinance #944, Book 3.


Motion was made to confer with OWU relative to repairing City Opera House.


October 1        Police got two weeks vacation instead of one ‑‑ no mention of Fire Department.


November 5     Service Director was instructed to advertise for bids to repair Opera House.




Chief of Police Spaulding


January 7          Ordinance passed abolishing City Hall janitor, Ordinance #960, Book 3.


P.V. Griffith appointed Safety Director.


May 12            Police Budget ‑‑ $8,000


Parking spaces for autos were established on West Winter Street from Sandusky to Franklin.


August 25         Ordinance #986 authorizing the purchase of an automobile for use in the Police Department.


Ordinance #987 issued bond for $825 for purchase of car.


Ordinance #988 to sell old police car.


September 8     City Hall insurance was to be the special order of business at the next meeting (there was no mention next meeting).


September 16   Ordinance to advertise for bids for heating of the City Building, Ordinance #996, Book 3


October 16      Resolution instructing Service Director to remove old curtain and rubbish from Opera House, Resolution #1244, page 203, Book 3.


November 3     Motion to sell the seats and other equipment of the City Opera House.





Chief of Police Spaulding


April 6              An ordinance advertising for the bids for the leasing of the corner of the Tower Room in the City Building, Ordinance #1015, page 365, Book 3.


July 6               Speed limit within the city is 15 MPH.


October 13      Thoroughfares and stop streets established, Ordinance #1033, page 442, Book 3.


November 9     First mention of electric stop sign ‑‑ under construction.





Chief of Police Spaulding


May 3              Police petitioned for a pay increase ‑‑ 25%, Petition 426, signed by Spaulding, Vining, Amrine, Haley and Pliickebaum.


May 17            Petition for Police raise rejected.


June 14            They have a janitor.


October 4        South Street to London Road.




Chief of Police Spaulding


February 7       Traffic light installed by Ohio Utilities Co. at Sandusky and William, Ordinance #1099 and #1100, page 19‑20, Book 4.


May 16            Motion to appropriate $664 for traffic signal lights, Ordinance #1113, page 45, Book 4.


June 6              Motion to transfer 250 unused seats from the Opera House to the Delaware City Mission ‑‑ lost.


The first committee reporting on traffic and parking (page 43 "1927"). Complained the merchants and employees were using all the parking places in the business area and there was nothing left for shoppers, farmers or tourists ‑‑ so they suggested a two‑hour parking limit (where meters are now) ‑‑ also people driving 40‑50 MPH due to the fact that only one policeman and Chief were working during the day ‑‑ they recommended that a traffic officer be hired and he use a motorcycle.


July 14             An Ordinance was passed to hire a traffic officer, Ordinance #1118, Page 57, Book 4.


October 3        The Law and Ordinance Committee suggest the use of land in the alley between West William and West Winter, at the rear of the Business s House, for the parking of automobiles ‑‑ they estimate 150 cars can be parked here.


November 7     Appropriated $225 for use in the Police Department, Ordinance #1139, page 101, Book 4 ‑‑ probably for a motorcycle.





Chief of Police Spaulding


March 5           Ordinance to provide a traffic patrolman, Ordinance #1166, page 159, Book 4.


April 2              Frank B. Willis, U.S. Senator, died.


May 7              Ordinance to appropriate $420 for traffic cop, Ordinance #1179, page 187, Book 4.


June 13            Report of Special Committee to repair Opera House ‑‑ Council should employ an architect to draw plans and specifications necessary to comply with the order of the Industrial Commission and care for the work absolutely needed to put the Opera House in condition for use.





Chief of Police Spaulding


February 4       Motion to purchase a light sedan automobile with four doors, for use in the Division of Police, Ordinance #1226, page 289, Council Year 1927.


March 12         Ordinance establishing parking space for taxi cabs and tourist, Ordinance #1231, page 299, Book 4,


April 3              Police Pension Fund.


May 6              Grover C. Fawcett seeks permission from City Council to make a connection of a hook up for toilet use to City Jail, disposal tile?


May 6              Ordinance to regulate parking of autos on West Winter and West Central, Ordinance #1237, page 311, Book 4.


July 1               Ordinance to establish a Police Relief Fund, Ordinance #1246, page 335, Ord. Record 4.


Resolution to direct Service Director to prepare plans for the repairs of Opera House, Resolution #1444, page 25, Res. Record #4.


August 5           In compliance with House Bill #80, the City Council is to choose two of its members to act as trustees of the Police Pension Bill. They, in turn, the two members chosen, shall choose a third man, not a member of any legislative body of the city, to act in con­junction with the three chosen by the Police Department and in compliance with the bill. This shall be done the first meeting of Council after the bill became law which was 7‑12‑29. s/s James Spaulding


August 9           Resolution to levy a tax for the Police Pension Fund, Resolution #1446, page 29, Res. Record 4.


August 19         Resolution declaring it necessary to improve the Opera House and Citizens Hall, Resolution #1445, page 26, Res. Record 4.


September 3     Ordinance to provide for submission of Electors, shall a commission be formed to frame a charter, Ordinance #1257, page 361, Ord. Record 4.


September 19   Ordinance to proceed with the improvements of the City Opera House, Ordinance #1258, page 363, Ord. Record 4. Also Ordinance #1259.


Resolution to issue notes in sum of $20,000 for improvements of second floor of City Hall, Resolution #1449, page 35, Res. Record 4.


October 7        A petition from the Police Department for a Platoon system was referred to the Safety Committee.


November 4     The report of the Safety Committee relative to an eight hour platoon system for the Police Department was read ‑‑ the report was adopted.


"While the Committee believes the above system would possibly have advantages, in view of the inadequate city finances, we would recommend that this request not be considered at this time."


November 18   Resolution approving the plans, etc., for repairing the City Opera House, Resolution #1459, page 57, Res. Record 4.





Chief of Police Earl F. Amrine


January 6          W.A. West appointed to Civil Service Board.


February 3       Matter of repairing City Building was referred to Service Committee.


April 7              Committee to Repair City Building recommended that the following repairs be made:


Heating ‑‑ Install new heating system for first floor and firemen's rooms, new piping and radiation and an auxiliary furnace for Fire Department.

Plumbing ‑‑ New men's toilet off main hallway on first floor, jail, women's cell, Firemen's toilet first floor, Firemen's toilet second floor.


Electric wiring and fixtures ‑‑ New electric wiring and fixtures for entire first floor, basement, tower and firemen's rooms.


Painting and decorating ‑‑ Entire first floor except for ladies rest rooms.


Floor covering ‑‑ New linoleum in halls, offices, Council and Police Headquarters.


Storm doors ‑‑ New outside storm doors at the north and west entrances.


Roof ‑‑ Repair and cover with plastic covering.


Ordinance to issue $20,000 bonds for repairing City Opera House.


April 21            Resolution for City Engineer to prepare plans, etc., for the im­provement of City Hall Building, Resolution #1467, page 73, Res. Record 4.


May 5              Petition 487 to adopt the name of Petunia as the city flower of Delaware.


June 2              Resolution awarding the $20,000 City Opera House Bonds, Resolution #1470, page 79, Res. Record 4.


June 3              Service Committee Report ‑‑ In view of the numerous ideas and suggestions concerning the remodeling and repair of the lower level of the City Hall, we recommend that the firm of Pettet and Oman, Architects, be employed to prepare recommendations, plans and estimates.


Ordinance for plans and specifications and etc., for City Hall repair, Ordinance #1286, page 431, Ordinance Book 4.


June 19            Resolution approving plans for lower floor of City Hall, Resolution #1473, page 85, Res. Book 4.


July 21             Ordinance to proceed with repairs of lower floor of City Hall, Ordinance #1288, page 435, Ord. Record 4.


August 4           Resolution to issue note for $2,000 for repair of City Opera House, Resolution #1477, page 93, Res. Record 4.


Appointed a committee relative to repair of City Hall.


October 6        Safety Director to put signs on Police car.


October 11      Accepted plans of architects.


November 3     Motion for Safety Director to notify ambulances to conform to the traffic laws of the city and state and not to use sirens through traffic was lost.


December 1     Ordinance to prohibit the further installation of curb filling stations within City limits, Ordinance #1301, page 461, Ord. Book 4.




Chief of Police Earl F. Amrine


May 4              Ordinance to issue bonds for City Hall repair, Ordinance #1314, page 492, Ord. Book 4.


May 11            Safety Director was instructed to paint and paper room at Mrs. Dickson's residence, East Central Avenue, property of City of Delaware.


July 6               Salary increase for Janitor was referred to Finance.


Resolution awarding bonds for repair of City Hall, Resolution #1505, page 149, Res. Record 4.


July 27             Resolution to increase Janitor's salary to $50 per month.


November 2     Petition from Ed Shindoler and 124 others requesting a traffic light at William and Liberty.


November 16   Safety Committee recommended the traffic light at Sandusky and London Road, Lake and Central, Liberty and William not be in­stalled at this time.





February 14     Resolution # 1704 - To sell 1939 Studebaker, motor # H-63863


Resolution # 1705 - To sell motorcycle, model # 40-ULH, Serial # 40-ULH-2040


(Delaware Gazette 2/15/1944, reported on Council Meeting - quoted Safety Director Ray Bowen - City will purchase a new police car and short wave radio, in cooperation with the County- $2000)